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ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE = 1,2-Diacetoxyethane = Glycol diacetate = Ethylene diacetate

CAS Number: 111-55-7
EC Number: 203-881-1
MDL number: MFCD00008718
Molecular Formula : C6H10O4

Ethylene Glycol Diacetate (EGDA) is a colorless, low odor, very slow-evaporating solvent that gives good flow-out to baking lacquers and enamels.
Ethylene glycol diacetates major uses are in thermoplastic acrylic coatings as a reflow solvent and in foundry core-binding applications.
Ethylene glycol diacetate is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant odor. 
Ethylene glycol diacetate is combustible but requires some effort to ignite.
EGDA is a colourless, low odour solvent with a very slow evaporation profile that finds major applications in foundry core-binding and in thermoplastic acrylic coatings.
Ethylene glycol diacetate (EGDA) is an acetic acid ester of ethylene glycol. 
Ethylene glycol diacetate is widely used as a hardener for silicates. 
The predicted values of the torsion angles and bond angles are found to be in agreement with the crystal structure data on the benzoate derivatives of ethylene glycol. 
Ethylene diacetate can be prepared from ethylene glycol and acetic acid, via esterification in the presence of supported ionic liquids (catalyst). 
Ethylene glycol diacetate is a substitute of glyceryl triacetate for the industrial manufacture of tobacco.
Ethylene glycol diacetate may be used as an acyl donor for the in situ generation of peracetic acid, during the chemoenzymatic synthesis of caprolactone. 
Ethylene glycol diacetate may be employed as a precursor for the enzymatic synthesis of poly (ethylene glutarate).
Ethylene Glycol Diacetate is a colourless, low odor solvent. 
Ethylene Glycol Diacetate has a very slow evaporation profile that finds major applications in foundry core-binding and in thermoplastic acrylic coatings. 
Ethylene Glycol Diacetate has a low evaporation rate, such as low MIR, non-HAP, non-Sara, and is biodegradable. 
Ethylene Glycol Diacetate is used in baking lacquers, enamels, a solvent for cellulosic coatings, and can be used in some ink systems such as screen inks.

Uses and applications of Glycol diacetate:
-Coating formulation and application
-Industrial, automotive and architectural coatings
-Auto OEM
-Auto refinish
-Graphic arts
-Paints & coatings
-Printing inks
-Lacquers and resins.
-EGDA imparts excellent flow properties in baking lacquers and enamels and where thermoplastic acrylic resins are used.
-EGDA is also a good solvent for cellulosic coatings and can be used in some ink systems such as screen inks.
-Glycol diacetate has found use as a perfume fixative, and has reported applications in waterborne adhesives.
-EGDA offers an excellent combination of good environmental properties in association with its very low evaporation rate such as Low MIR, non-HAP, non-Sara and is biodegradable.
-Solvent for oils
-Cellulose esters 
-Cellulose ethers
-Natural products
-Perfume fixatives
-Glycol diacetate is used as a non-discoloring plasticizer for ethyl and benzyl cellulose.
-Glycol diacetate is used mainly as a re-flow solvent in thermoplastic acrylic coatings and in foundries (slow-release source of acetic acid for making cores). 
-Glycol diacetate is used as an ink solvent.
-Ethylene glycol diacetate may be used as an acyl donor for the in situ generation of peracetic acid, during the chemoenzymatic synthesis of caprolactone. 
-Glycol diacetate may be employed as a precursor for the enzymatic synthesis of poly (ethylene glutarate).
-EGDA is an ester solvent of low volatility. 
-EGDA is used in surface coating resins and as coalescing solvent in vinyl acetate copolymer emulsions;
-EGDA is a primary solvent for cellulose acetate, nitrocellulose, chlorinated rubbers, polyvinyl acetate, polyacrylate, and cellulose acetate butyrate. 
-Coatings OEM and special purpose.
-Core binding resin.
-Waterborne adhesives.
-As a solvent to paint, adhesives and paint strippers production.
-To partly or totally replace Cyclohexanone, CAC, Isophorone, PMA, BCS, DBE etc., with features of improving leveling, adjusting the drying speed.
-Baking paints, 
-NC paints, 
-Printing inks, 
-Coil coatings, 
-Cellulose ester 
-Fluorescent paint

Physical and chemical properties of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
Appearance Form: clear, liquid
Color: colorless
Odor: No data available
Odor Threshold: No data available
pH: No data available
Melting point/freezing point:
Melting point/range: -41 °C - lit.
Initial boiling point and boiling range: 186 - 187 °C - lit.
Flash point 83 °C - closed cup
Evaporation rate No data available
Flammability (solid, gas):No data available
Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits:
Upper explosion limit: 8,4 %(V)
Lower explosion limit: 1,6 %(V)
Vapor pressure: 0,3 hPa at 20 °C
Molecular Weight: 146.14 g/mol
Vapor density: 5,05 - (Air = 1.0)
Relative density: 1,104 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Water solubility: 171,1 g/l at 20 °C - OECD Test Guideline 105 - completely soluble
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water
log Pow: 0,1 at 40 °C - Bioaccumulation is not expected.
Autoignition temperature: 482 °C at 1.013 hPa
Decomposition temperature: No data available
Viscosity: 2,57 mm2/s at 20 °C - OECD Test Guideline 114 -
Explosive properties: No data available
Oxidizing properties: No data available
Relative vapor density: 5,05 - (Air = 1.0)

Ethylene glycol, diacetate
Ethanediol diacetate
Ethylene acetate
Ethylene diacetin
Ethylene gycol diacetate
2-Acetyloxyethyl acetate
1,2-Ethanediol, 1,2-diacetate
Ethylene diethanoate; 
Ethylene glycol acetate

Exposure controls/personal protection of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
-Control parameters:
Ingredients with workplace control parameters:
-Exposure controls:
Appropriate engineering controls:
Change contaminated clothing. 
Wash hands after working with substance.
Personal protective equipment.
Eye/face protection:
Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU). Safety glasses
Skin protection:
This recommendation applies only to the product stated in the safety data sheet, supplied by us and for the designated use.
Full contact
Material: butyl-rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0,7 mm
Break through time: 480 min
Splash contact
Material: Chloroprene
Minimum layer thickness: 0,65 mm
Break through time: 120 min
Respiratory protection: 
Not required; except in case of aerosol formation.
Control of environmental exposure: Do not let product enter drains.

First aid measures of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
--Description of first-aid measures:
If inhaled:
Immediately leave the contaminated area. 
Take deep breaths of fresh air. 
If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. 
Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. 
Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.
-In case of skin contact:
Immediately flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. 
Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. 
If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, immediately call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.
-In case of eye contact:
First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. 
Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. 
Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.
-If swallowed:
Do not induce vomitting.
If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. 
Be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital if advised by a physician. 
If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body.   
IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital.

Stability and reactivity of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
Forms explosive mixtures with air on intense heating.
A range from approximately 15 Kelvin below the flash point is to be rated as critical.
-Chemical stability:
The product is chemically stable under standard ambient conditions (room temperature) .
-Possibility of hazardous reactions: No data available
-Conditions to avoid: Strong heating.
-Incompatible materials: Strong oxidizing agents, Strong acids, Strong bases, Strong reducing agents
-Hazardous decomposition products:
Hazardous decomposition products formed under fire conditions: Carbon oxides
Other decomposition products: No data available
-Ethylene glycol diacetate reacts with aqueous acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. 
-Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. 
-Heat is also generated by the interaction with caustic solutions.
-Flammable hydrogen is generated with alkali metals and hydrides.

Toxicological Information of Ethylene diacetate:
-Acute toxicity: Not available.
-Routes of exposure: Inhalation,eye contact,skin contact,ingestion.
Symptoms related to the physical,chemical and toxicological characteristics:
Skin contact may result in inflammation characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, blistering, pain or dryness. 
Eye contact may result in redness, pain or severe eye damage. 
Inhalation may cause irritation of the lungs and respiratory system. 

Ecological Information of Ethylene diacetate:
-Ecotoxicity: Not available.
-Persistence and degradability: Not available.
-Bioaccumulative potential: Not available.
-Mobility in soil: Not available.
-Other adverse effects: Not available.

Firefighting measures of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
-Extinguishing media:
Suitable extinguishing media:
Water Foam Carbon dioxide (CO2) Dry powder
Unsuitable extinguishing media:
For this substance/mixture no limitations of extinguishing agents are given.
-Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture:
Carbon oxides
Vapors are heavier than air and may spread along floors.
Forms explosive mixtures with air on intense heating.
Development of hazardous combustion gases or vapours possible in the event of fire.
-Advice for firefighters:
In the event of fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus.
-Further information:
Remove container from danger zone and cool with water. 
Prevent fire extinguishing water from contaminating surface water or the ground water system.

Accidental release measures of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
-Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Advice for non-emergency personnel: 
Do not breathe vapors, aerosols. 
Keep away from heat and sources of ignition. 
Evacuate the danger area, observe emergency procedures, consult an expert.
-Environmental precautions:
Do not let product enter drains.
-Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up:
Cover drains. 
Collect, bind, and pump off spills. 
Observe possible material restrictions.
Take up with liquid-absorbent material.
Dispose of properly. 
Clean up affected area.

Handling and storage of ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE:
-Precautions for safe handling:
Avoid contact with skin, eyes, and personal clothing. 
Wash hands thoroughly after handling. 
Avoid breathing fumes. 
Use only with adequate ventilation. 
Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves, and eye/face protection. 
Keep away from sources of ignition. 
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. 
Keep container tightly closed. 
Open and handle container with care. 
Do not eat, drink, or smoke while handling
Keep away from open flames, hot surfaces and sources of ignition.
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
Keep containers tightly closed when not in use.  
Store in original containers. 
Avoid breathing vapours or particulate mist. 
Avoid accumulation of static charge, especially in high mixing systems (low electrical conductivity). 
Emergency shower and eyewash should be close by. 
Electrical equipment to be suitable for electrical apparatus group and temperature class of the material. 
-Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities:
Store away from oxidising agents. 
Suitable storage material: 
316 Stainless Steel. 
Do NOT use galvanised metal. 
Suitable seals: Perfluoroelastomer 
Suitable gaskets: graphite supported on 316 Stainless steel or asbestos free aramid fibre composite. 
Storage tanks to be bunded to contain 110% of tank contents, or as local regulations. 
ETHYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE may attack concrete surfaces, particularly in the presence of water.
Store in a tightly-closed. 
Container when not in use.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Keep away from sources of ignition.
Store long-term at 2-8°C.
-Specific end use(s):
No other specific uses are stipulated

Disposal Considerations of 
-Waste Product:
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as hazardous waste.
Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification. 
Observe all federal, state and local regulations when disposing of the substance.
Recycle if possible, but if not, then incinerate or treat in a suitable treatment plant. 
Steel drums can be cleaned and re-used if in good condition, or recycle as scrap metal. 
IBCs can be cleaned and re-used if in good condition, as there will be negligible odour pick up by the plastic. 
If not suitable to reuse then either clean out, shred and landfill, if permitted or clean, granulate and recycle the plastic granules. 
Do not reuse containers. 
Dispose of as unused product.

Key attributes:
High blush resistance
Low MIR value
Predicted to be readily biodegradable*
Slow evaporation rate

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