Genamin SH 100 D P is a raw material for the chemical-techonological industry.
This wax-like grade is composed of stearylamine.
Primary fatty alkylamines are liquid or pasty, water insoluble bases.
They are readily soluble in organic solvents such as mineral oil, isopropanol and chloroform. Genamin SH 100 D P is used as a raw material for the manufacture of fatty amine ethoxilates and fatty amine salts.
Genamin SH 100 D P is also applied as an antistatic agent, flotation agent, anti-caking agent, emuslifier for resin, and corrosion inhibitor.
Furthermore, Genamin SH 100 D P is used in the textile and leather industry.
Genamin SH 100 D P, also known as N-stearylamine or 1-aminooctadecane, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as monoalkylamines.
These are organic compounds containing an primary aliphatic amine group.
Genamin SH 100 D P is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa).
An 18-carbon primary aliphatic amine.
Genamin SH 100 D P is a kind of aliphatic amines compound being subject to industrial mass production.
At room temperature, Genamin SH 100 D P is as white crystals with the molecular weight being 269.5, melting point being 52.8612, boiling point being 232.12 (4.27 kPa), the flash point being 149 ℃, the relative density being 0.8618 and the refractive index being 1.4522.
Genamin SH 100 D P is slightly soluble in acetone, kerosene and methanol, easily soluble in carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, ethanol, isopropanol and toluene, soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene but insoluble in water.
Genamin SH 100 D P has alkaline property and can react with hydrochloric acid to generate adduct product.
Genamin SH 100 D P's toxicity is lower than low-grade amine.
Rat being subject to oral administration of 500 × 10-6 Genamin SH 100 D P for two consecutive years get no significant adverse consequences.
Genamin SH 100 D P has irritation effect on human skin and mucous membrane.
Genamin SH 100 D P can be used as the intermediates for organic synthesis such as for the production of octadecyl quaternary ammonium salts and various kinds of additives such as cationic thickening agent, mineral flotation agents, emulsifier of synthetic resins, pesticides and asphalt, antistatic agents, wetting agents, waterproofing agents, surfactants as well as biocides of fabric, color former of color photo and the corrosion inhibitor of the oil refining device.
Genamin SH 100 D P can be generated by the reaction of stearic acid and ammonia for generating octadecanitrile and further catalytic hydrogenation under pressure for further reduction of enamine.
A white solid. Insoluble in water and less dense than water.
Hence floats on water.
Contact may irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes.
Genamin SH 100 D P may be toxic by ingestion.
Genamin SH 100 D P used to make other chemicals.
Genamin SH 100 D P is a chemical compound that can be used as a raw material for the synthesis of colloidal gold.
Genamin SH 100 D P has been shown to have significant cytotoxicity and hypoglycemic effects, and is also used in the preparation of liposomes.
Genamin SH 100 D P is a component of polymer compositions that are used in the treatment of bowel disease.
Genamin SH 100 D P has been shown to increase water vapor permeability and has an electrochemical impedance spectroscopy profile with a rate constant of 0.4 s−1.
Genamin SH 100 D P Chemical Properties
Melting point: 50-52 °C(lit.)
Boiling point: 232 °C32 mm Hg(lit.)
Vapor pressure: 10 mm Hg ( 72 °C)
Refractive index: 1.4522
Fp: 300 °F
Storage temp.: Store below +30°C.
pka: 10.6(at 25℃)
Water Solubility: practically insoluble
LogP: 4.33 at 25℃
CAS DataBase Reference: 124-30-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Genamin SH 100 D P(124-30-1)
EPA Substance Registry System: Genamin SH 100 D P (124-30-1)
Genamin SH 100 D P appears as white waxy crystalline solid with alkalinity.
Genamin SH 100 D P is soluble in chloroform, soluble in alcohol, ether and benzene, slightly soluble in acetone and insoluble in water.
Genamin SH 100 D P is a flammable white, odorless solid that is practically insoluble in water.
Genamin SH 100 D P decomposes when heated, producing nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide .
Genamin SH 100 D P can be used as the intermediates of organic synthesis for the production of octadecyl quaternary ammonium salts and many kinds of additives such as cationic grease thickener, mineral flotation agents, pesticides and asphalt emulsifier, fabric antistatic agents, softeners, wetting agents and waterproofing agents, surfactants, biocides, color former of color photo and the corrosion inhibitor of the oil refining device.
Putting the Genamin SH 100 D P in mixture with ethylene oxide in a molar ratio of 1: 2 for reaction at 150-190 ℃ can gives Genamin SH 100 D P with a yield of 80%.
Genamin SH 100 D P belongs to a non-ionic antistatic agent and can be applied to polypropylene, polystyrene and ABS resin.
Genamin SH 100 D P is used in biological studies for the formation of ion pairing as alternative to improve encapsulation and stability and to reduce skin irritation of retinoic acid loaded in solid lipid nanoparticles.
Genamin SH 100 D P is used as a corrosion inhibitor in steam lines and boilers.
Genamin SH 100 D P-modified montmorillonite (e.g. Nanofil 848) is used as a flame retardant .
Genamin SH 100 D P is used to surface functionalize different carbon nanomaterials (graphene oxide, carbon nanotubes) for different applications which include thin film nanocomposite (TFN) nanofilteration and carbon fiber microelectrodes.
Genamin SH 100 D P can be used for the preparation of butyrylcholinesterase/stearylamine films (Langmuir-Blodgett films) for use in enzymatic field effect transistor (ENFET) based biosensors. Genamin SH 100 D P also forms films which can be used in ion exachnge systems.
Genamin SH 100 D P may also be used in the preparation of metal oxide nano crystals with controlled size and shape.
Genamin SH 100 D P is used:
To induce hydrophobicity in nanodiamond (ND) powders.
In the surface modification of graphite and fullerenes.
As a dual source of carbon and nitrogen in the synthesis of N-doped carbon nanotubes (CNTs).
To synthesize a single-chain cationic surfactant, bis(amidoethylcarbamoylethyl) octadecylamine.
Genamin SH 100 D P is used as asphalt emulsifier, lubricant and dispersants.
Genamin SH 100 D P acts as a cationic surfactant and find applications is hair rinse bases, wood preservatives, textile softeners, dyeing auxiliaries and pigment grinding aids.
Genamin SH 100 D P has been shown to prevent drug (lansoprazole) degradation and maintained drug stable in nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs).
Genamin SH 100 D P is used as positive charge inducing agent in different pharmaceutical formulations.
Genamin SH 100 D P is used in boiler as an additive, which prevents the corrosion arises due to steam.
Genamin SH 100 D P is a basic building block and used as an intermediate in the preparation of their amine derivatives, ethoxylates and amides.
Metal oxide nano crystals having controlled size and shape are prepared by the thermal decomposition of metal nitrates with Genamin SH 100 D P.
Genamin SH 100 D P, also known as decahetamine and 1-aminodecaoctane, is an aliphatic amine compound produced in large quantities in industry.
Genamin SH 100 D P is white crystal at room temperature and has a 269.52 molecular weight. Melting point 52.8612.
Boiling point 23212(4.2 7千帕).
Flash point 149 ℃.
Relative density 0.8618. 1.4522 refractive index.
Slightly soluble in acetone, kerosene and methanol, soluble in carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, ethanol, isopropanol and toluene, soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene, insoluble in water.
Can form adducts with hydrochloric acid.
The toxicity is lower than that of lower-grade amines.
Rats take 500 × 10-6 stearamine orally for two consecutive years without obvious adverse consequences.
Genamin SH 100 D P is irritating to human skin and mucous membranes.
Genamin SH 100 D P used as an intermediate in organic synthesis, used in the production of decadane quaternary ammonium salts and various additives.
For example, cationic grease thickeners, mineral flotation agents, synthetic resins, pesticides and asphalt emulsifiers, fabric antistatic agents, wetting agents, waterproofing agents, surfactants, fungicides, color-forming agents for color photos, and corrosion inhibitors for oil refining units.
Genamin SH 100 D P reacts with ammonia to form octadecylonitrile, which is then catalyzed and hydrogenated under pressure to further reduce enamine.
Genamin SH 100 D P can be obtained from stearic acid via ammoniation and hydrogenation.
Send Genamin SH 100 D P and ammonia continuously and quantitatively into the liquid phase reaction tower for ammoniation at 350 ℃ to generate octadecane nitrile.
After washing with water and refinement, Genamin SH 100 D P was sent to the autoclave and was subject to hydrogenation reaction under 130 ℃ and the pressure of about 3.5MPa with the nickel catalyst for generation of Octadecanamine.
The hydrogenated product was subject to precipitation for removing the catalyst to derive the final products.
Pour the reaction mixture into the dilute hydrochloric acid with cooling obtaining the Genamin SH 100 D P hydrochloride.
Further treat with 20% sodium hydroxide solution treated with 20% sodium hydroxide solution can produce Genamin SH 100 D P.
The yield is 85%.
Fixed consumption amount of material: stearic acid: 1165kg/t, ammonia 151kg/t, hydrogen gas: 211m3, nickel catalyst: 6kg/t.
Genamin SH 100 D P neutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water.
May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides.
Flammable gaseous hydrogen may be generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.
Nissan amine AB
Kemamine P 990
4-04-00-00825 (Beilstein Handbook Reference)
Kemamine P-990, P-990D
Octadecylamine, >=99.0% (GC)
Octadecylamine, technical grade, 90%