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CAS NO.:537-98-4
EC/LIST NO.: 208-679-7

Ferulic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound. 
Ferulic acid is an abundant phenolic phytochemical found in plant cell walls, covalently bonded as side chains to molecules such as arabinoxylans. 
As a component of lignin, ferulic acid is a precursor in the manufacture of other aromatic compounds. 
The name is derived from the genus Ferula, referring to the giant fennel (Ferula communis)

Ferulic acid is a plant-based antioxidant primarily used in anti-aging skin care products. 
Ferulic acid’s naturally found in a variety of foods, including:

apple seeds

Ferulic acid has garnered a lot of interest due to its ability to fight free radicals while also boosting the effectiveness of other antioxidants, such as vitamins A, C, and E.

While it’s primarily used in skin care, experts are currently working to see if ferulic acid has other benefits, too.

Ferulic acid has low toxicity and possesses many physiological functions (anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial activity, anticancer, and antidiabetic effect). 
Ferulic acid has been widely used in the pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetics industry. 
Ferulic acid is a free radical scavenger, but also an inhibitor of enzymes that catalyze free radical generation and an enhancer of scavenger enzyme activity. 
Ferulic acid has a protective role for the main skin structures: keratinocytes, fibroblasts, collagen, elastin. 
Ferulic acid inhibits melanogenesis, enhances angiogenesis, and accelerates wound healing. 
Ferulic acid is widely applied in skin care formulations as a photoprotective agent, delayer of skin photoaging processes, and brightening component. 
Nonetheless, its use is limited by its tendency to be rapidly oxidized.

Ferulic acid, aka hydroxycinnamic acid, is a powerful antioxidant that neutralizes free-radical damage from pollution, ultraviolet light, or infrared radiation, all of which accelerate skin aging. 
Ferulic acid's found in the cell wall of plants like oats, brown rice, peanuts, and oranges, but Levin says you typically hear of it associated with apples. 
Naturally, ferulic acid is botanically derived, but it can be created in a lab for quality control, consistency, and consumer safety. 
Ferulic acid mostly comes in a liquid form and can be found in serums, but can also be in the form of cream when packaged in a pump.

Levin says ferulic acid, an antioxidant, doesn't repair the damage that's already been done, but it acts as a shield to protect against free-radical formation. 
As Nazarian explains it, "When something tries to damage your skin, it creates a certain molecule that in its active state will continue to damage and traumatize the skin around it. 
This will come in and basically shut it off. It neutralizes the molecules that are formed that if left alone will continue to damage tissue."

For optimal effectiveness, ferulic acid should come packaged in a dark or opaque bottle to protect it from light and should be stored in a cool area (i.e. not a steamy bathroom). 
Levin adds that ferulic acid serums have a tendency to turn from its original golden orange color to a muddy brown over time, which signals that the serum has oxidized and is thus not as effective. 
Though they're hard to find, she recommends shopping products that have vacuumed packaging (which dispense with a pump) when possible to prevent air from entering or escaping.

Ferulic acid is an organic compound found in the cell walls of certain plants. 
Rich in antioxidants such as vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E, ferulic acid is most often found in anti-aging skin creams, where is it believed to neutralize free radicals that damage and age cells. 
Ferulic acid can also be taken by mouth as a dietary supplement, which alternative medicine practitioners believe can prevent or treat high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and other diseases influenced by oxidative stress.

Ferulic Acid (FA) is a goodie that can be found naturally in plant cell walls. 
There is a lot of it especially in the bran of grasses such as rice, wheat and oats. 

FA - whose main job is to be an antioxidant - owes its fame to a 2005 research that discovered that adding in 0.5% FA to a 15% Vitamin C + 1% Vitamin E solution not only stabilizes the highly unstable, divaish Vit C, but it also doubles the photoprotection abilities of the formula. 

Couple of other studies show that FA just by itself is also a nice addition to cosmetic formulations: 
Ferulic acid can penetrate the skin (which is kind of important to do the job) and it has protecting properties against UV caused skin damage.

Ferulic acid is an antioxidant found in the cell walls of plants such as rice and oats and the seeds of apples and oranges, where it plays a key role in the plants' protection and self-preservation.

Ferulic acid, like many natural phenols, is an antioxidant in vitro in the sense that it is reactive toward free radicals such as reactive oxygen species (ROS). 
ROS and free radicals are implicated in DNA damage, cancer, accelerated cell aging.

Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxy cinnamic acid) , a phenolic compound found in the cell wall of plants, is a potent free-radical scavenger and antioxidant. 
With regard to its hepatoprotective effect, ferulic acid has been shown to decrease the elevated serum levels of the liver marker enzymes AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) in rats subjected to ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity.

Ferulic acid, as mentioned, is an antioxidant. 
Ferulic acid’s naturally found in the cell wall of plants including bran and certain fruit seeds where it helps to protect and preserve. 
In the world of skin care, it does just that: protects and preserves. 
Applied topically, ferulic acid can protect against free radicals and help with skin rejuvenation. 
Additionally, Temple says, it “improves signs of premature aging, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while keeping your skin strong and firm.”

Ferulic acid works well in tandem with other antioxidants like vitamins C and E to stabilize and promote their strengthening qualities and further protect against the harmful effects of free radicals. 
According to the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, “Ferulic acid alone (and vitamins C and E) provides partial protection but vitamins C, E and ferulic acid  provide virtually complete protection.”

Temple says that “because it stabilizes antioxidants such as highly oxidative vitamin C, ferulic acid actually makes other skin care ingredients last longer and work harder to fight free radicals.”

Ferulic acid is a potent anti-oxidant with scientifically proven skin care efficacies. 
However, instability of this active in the skin care products restricted its wide application in beauty and skin care industries. 
This study aimed to stabilize ferulic acid in topical hydrogel formulation via nanoencapsulation technique. 
Ferulic acid loaded nanocapsules were prepared via high pressure homogenization method and physicochemically characterized. 
Mean particle size of ferulic acid loaded nanocapsules was < 300 nm. 
TEM and SEM images exhibited spherical particles with smooth surface. 
DSC and XRD results indicated that ferulic acid was completely dissolved in the lipid matrix of the nanocapsules and remained in amorphous form. 
Two types of hydrogel formulations containing ferulic acid loaded nanocapsules were prepared: 
Gel A with pH higher and Gel B with pH lower than pKa of ferulic acid. 
Cross-polarized microscopic image of the gel formulations did not show presence of any un-encapsulated and un-dissolved crystal. 
Gel B showed slower and controlled release of ferulic acid than Gel A. 
Ferulic acid permeation through skin mimic from the gel formulation demonstrated controlled permeation. 
Color stability of the gel and chemical stability of ferulic acid were very good in Gel B, while poor in Gel A (although significantly better than the gel with un-encapsulated ferulic acid). 
The result clearly indicates that together with nanoencapsulation, low pH (less than pKa of ferulic acid) of the hydrogel was crucial for both product appearance and chemical stability of ferulic acid. 
In fact, it has been proved that skin care product with low pH is good for skin as it can maintain skin homeostasis and microbiome. 
Furthermore, the permeation result suggests that ferulic acid may penetrate into deep skin layers and at the same time avoid systemic circulation. 
Overall, this low pH hydrogel formulation containing nanoencapsulated ferulic acid demonstrates great promise for commercialization.

Ferulic acid is a phenolic antioxidant (a type that intercepts damaging hydrogen radicals) that is naturally found in bran and bamboo shoots, among other plants. 
Research has shown that it provides its own benefits to skin while also enhancing the stability of other antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, when paired with them.

Of note, ferulic acid plays a significant photoprotective role, which is one of the reasons it’s a welcome addition in sunscreen formulations.

Research also indicates that it has the ability to inhibit certain triggers of skin discolorations, making ferulic acid a nice complement to products that are intended for evening skin tone. 
In general, it also helps defend skin against environmental assault.

Ferulic acid can be used in the types of high concentration chemical peels available in a dermatologist/esthetician setting, where it is usually combined with other acids, such as lactic, to address signs of photoaging. 
Ferulic acid’s soothing properties are believed to help reduce potential skin-irritating side effects of such peels.

As a raw material, ferulic acid comes as a crystalline powder that is insoluble in water at room temperature but reaches solubility in higher water temps. 
Ferulic acid is also soluble in other types of solvents.

Ferulic acid is shown to be most effective at boosting the results from other antioxidants when used in concentrations of 0.5% or greater. 
Ferulic acid is typically not used above 1%, as doing so can impart an undesirable color to a skin care formula.

Ferulic acid is a phenolic acid widely distributed in the plant kingdom. 
Ferulic acid presents a wide range of potential therapeutic effects useful in the treatments of cancer, diabetes, lung and cardiovascular diseases, as well as hepatic, neuro and photoprotective effects and antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. 
Overall, the pharmaceutical potential of ferulic acid can be attributed to its ability to scavenge free radicals. 
However, recent studies have revealed that ferulic acid presents pharmacological properties beyond those related to its antioxidant activity, such as the ability to competitively inhibit HMG-CoA reductase and activate glucokinase, contributing to reduce hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia, respectively. 
The present review addresses ferulic acid dietary sources, the pharmacokinetic profile, antioxidant action mechanisms and therapeutic effects in the treatment and prevention of various diseases, in order to provide a basis for understanding its mechanisms of action as well as its pharmaceutical potential.

Ferulic acid is a powerful antioxidant, says Debra Jaliman, M.D., assistant professor of dermatology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. 
Ferulic acid's naturally found in fruit seeds like oranges and apples, and in vegetables and nuts. 
Like other antioxidants, ferulic acid fights back against (and can reverse) free radical damage in your body.
Ferulic acid is a natural acid that occurs as an ester in plants, seeds, leaves and bark. 
Due to better efficacy, the ferulic acid for our Ferulan Active is of synthetic origin.

Ferulic acid is useful as a multiactive ingredient in sunblock preparations, skin care products like day creams, lipsticks, after shaves and in hair care products.

Ferulic acid has been proven to have an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect as well as a deodorant action.

Ferulic acid is a phytochemical, a compound found in plants, that has antioxidant properties.

Ferulic acid is known for its ability to fight free radicals (molecules that steal electrons from other cells and may cause damage) and to boost the effects of other antioxidants, including vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E.

Ferulic acid is most frequently used in topical skin-care products such as serums and moisturizers advertised to have anti-aging properties. 
Ferulic acid is also found in some sunscreens due to its ability to absorb some UV and to increase the protection offered by other antioxidants.

Some vitamin supplements also contain ferulic acid, which also has healthful properties when consumed.

Ferulic Acid is a phenolic acid found in cellulosic cell walls and in the cell walls of the starchy endosperms of cereals, including wheat and barley.

Ferulic acid is covalently attached to polysaccharides in these walls and is released by the action of an enzyme called feruloyl esterase. 
Ferulic acid is an antioxidant and has attracted much attention for its potential health benefits, including a possible role in countering cancer. 
Ferulic acid is a substrate for the enzyme ferulic acid decarboxylase, which converts ferulate into 4-vinyl guaiacol, with its distinctive clove-like aroma. 
See 4-vinyl guaiacol. This enzyme is present in the ale yeasts that are used in the production of weizenbiers, and the clove-like note is an index of authenticity.
However, the enzyme is also elaborated by wild yeasts, e. g., Saccharomyces diastaticus, meaning that a clove or spicy note in beers other than weizenbiers tends to be an indicator of wild yeast contamination. 
Ferulic acid is also used extensively in industry, for example as the precursor of a vanilla substitute.

Ferulic acid or hydroxycinnamic acid is a powerful antioxidant that is used in skincare and cosmetic products. 
As an antioxidant, ferulic acid is used to neutralize free radicals. 
Free radicals are produced from pollution, UV rays, smoking, diet, and infrared radiation. 
When there is an imbalance of free radicals in the body it can cause damage to your cells. 
This damage has been linked to premature aging such as early wrinkles, lines, and loss of firmness.

Ferulic Acid is found naturally in the leaves and seeds of most plants. 
Ferulic acid is especially high in such foods as rice, wheat, and oats but may also be found in the cell walls of fruits and vegetables such as parsley, spinach, rhubarb, and grapes.

Ingestion of ferulic acid is beneficial to the body because it is an extremely powerful antioxidant. 
Ferulic acid is these properties that make it helpful in creating anti-aging cosmetics and products.

Ferulic acid and similar compounds, known as hydroxycinnamic acids, are usually found as key ingredients in the best sunscreen for the face. 
The antioxidant properties help to protect the skin from UVB-induced erythema and absorbs harmful UV rays.

Ferulic acid is found in a number of vegetable sources, and occurs in particularly high concentrations in popcorn and bamboo shoots.
Ferulic acid is a major metabolite of chlorogenic acids in humans along with caffeic and isoferulic acid, and is absorbed in the small intestine, whereas other metabolites such as dihydroferulic acid, feruloylglycine and dihydroferulic acid sulfate are produced from chlorogenic acid in the large intestine by the action of gut flora.

In cereals, ferulic acid is localized in the bran – the hard outer layer of grain. 
In wheat, phenolic compounds are mainly found in the form of insoluble bound ferulic acid and may be relevant to resistance to wheat fungal diseases.
The highest known concentration of ferulic acid glucoside has been found in flaxseed (4.1±0.2 g/kg).
Ferulic acid is also found in barley grain.

Asterid eudicot plants can also produce ferulic acid. 
The tea brewed from the leaves of yacón (Smallanthus sonchifolius), a plant traditionally grown in the northern and central Andes, contains quantities of ferulic acid. 
In legumes, the white bean variety navy bean is the richest source of ferulic acid among the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) varieties.
Ferulic acid is also found in horse grams (Macrotyloma uniflorum).

Although there are many sources of ferulic acid in nature, its bioavailability depends on the form in which it is present: 
Ferulic acid has limited solubility in water, and hence poor bioavailability. 
In wheat grain, ferulic acid is found bound to cell wall polysaccharides, allowing it to be released and absorbed in the small intestine

Ferulic acid has been identified in Chinese medicine herbs such as Angelica sinensis (female ginseng), Cimicifuga heracleifolia and Ligusticum chuangxiong. 
Ferulic acid is also found in the tea brewed from the European centaury (Centaurium erythraea), a plant used as a medical herb in many parts of Europe

Cooked sweetcorn releases increased levels of ferulic acid.
As plant sterol esters, this compound is naturally found in rice bran oil, a popular cooking oil in several Asian countries.

Ferulic acid glucoside can be found in commercial breads containing flaxseed.
Rye bread contains ferulic acid dehydrodimers.

Ferulic acid ([E]-3-[4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl] prop-2-enoic acid) belongs to the phenolic acid group commonly found in plant tissues. 
Phenolic acids are secondary metabolites of varying chemical structures and biological properties. 
The plants are mainly found in bound form as ester or glycosides, lignin components, and hydrolysis tannins . 
In terms of chemical structure, they can be divided into derivatives of cinnamic and benzoic acid, varying in number and substitution of hydroxyl and methoxy groups, and phenolic acids of unusual character.
An additional group is the depside, which is a combination of two or more phenolic acids . 
Ferulic acid, like caffeic, p-coumaric, synapine, syryte, and vanillin acids, is the most common cinnamic acid derivative .

Ferulic acid is most commonly found in whole grains, spinach, parsley, grapes, rhubarb, and cereal seeds, mainly wheat, oats, rye, and barley . 
One of the most important role of phenolic acids, especially cinnamic acid derivatives, is their antioxidant activity, which depends primarily on the number of hydroxyl and methoxy groups attached to the phenyl ring . 
Ferulic acid is more easily absorbed into the body and stays in the blood longer than any other phenolic acids. Ferulic acid is considered to be a superior antioxidant . 
Ferulic acid has low toxicity and possesses many physiological functions, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer (for instance lung, breast, colon and skin cancer), anti-arrhythmic, and antithrombotic activity, and it also demonstrated antidiabetic effects and immunostimulant properties, and it reduces nerve cell damage and may help to repair damaged cells. 
Furthermore, it is a sports supplement because it can neutralize free radicals in muscle tissue (alleviate muscle fatigue). 
Ferulic acid has been widely used in pharmaceutics and food. 
Moreover, it is widely applied in skin care formulations as a photoprotective agent (sunscreens), delayer of skin photoaging processes, and brightening component. 
Nonetheless, its use is limited by its tendency to be rapidly oxidized

Appearance :Powder
Physical State :Solid
Solubility :Soluble in hot water
Storage :Store at -20° C
Melting Point :168-172° C (lit.)
Boiling Point :~372.31° C (lit.) at 760 mmHg
Density :1.32 g/cm3 (lit.)
Refractive Index :1.627

Ferulic acid will enhance human body's motility of sperm and mobility;
Ferulic acid has the usage of inhibiting platelet aggregation, increase 3H-5HT releasing from platelet;
Ferulic acid own the usage of antioxidation, clear free radical, protective cell, accommodate body immune function;
Ferulic acid with the function of anti-bacteria, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor,anti-mutation, anti-ultraviolet radiation;
Ferulic acid will inhibit thrombosis, lower blood viscosity, in order to increase brain microcirculation, it can used for curing ischemia palsy.
Ferulic acid seems to reduce the risk of many cancers, including cancer of the stomach, colon, breast, prostate, liver, lung and tongue. 
A study by W Kuenzig et all Caffeic and ferulic acid as blockers of nitrosamine formation published in Carcinogenesis (Vol 5, 1984) showed that dietary caffeic acid and ferulic acid may play a role in the body's defense against carcinogenesis by inhibiting the formation of N- nitroso compounds.

Product Name: Ferulic acid
Part used: Rice Bran
Specification: Chlorogenic Acid

Description: Nature Ferulic acid
Appearance : White Powder
Flavor & Odor  Characteristic
Particle size : 100% pass 80 mesh


Loss on Drying    : ≤5.0%
Bulk density : 40-60g/100ml
Sulphated Ash : ≤5.0%
GMO : Free
General Status : Non-irradiated


Pb    ≤3mg/kg
As    ≤1mg/kg
Hg    ≤0.1mg/kg
Cd    ≤1mg/kg


Total microbacterial count : ≤1000cfu/g
Yeast & Mold : ≤100cfu/g
E.Coli : Negative
Staphylococcus aureus : Negative
Salmonella : Negative
Enterobacteriaceaes : Negative

Antioxidants are among the most abundant actives in skin care products, such as anti-aging, anti-pollution products. 
Antioxidants are used to prevent/delay skin aging caused by environmental aggressors like pollution, infrared (IR) radiation, and ultraviolet (UV) rays. 
However, antioxidants are often associated with stability challenges when incorporated in the skin care products. 
Antioxidants may partially or fully degrade into inactive forms during product shelf-life. 
The degradation usually accelerates at high temperature (e.g., 40 °C) and under light (e.g., UV and fluorescent). 
This instability of the antioxidant actives ultimately reduces product’s efficacy and most of the time leads to product color change during storage. 
Hence, consumer acceptance of the products also decreases.

Ferulic acid (4‐hydroxy‐3‐methoxycinnamic acid), a phenyl‐propenoid derivative of cinnamic acid, can undergo photolysis upon UV irradiation. 
The photodegradation kinetics of ferulic acid were thus investigated in different systems. 
The micellar solutions did not protect the acid from photodegradation. 
On the contrary, they catalyzed its degradation at a variable extent depending on the surfactant structure. 
The photodegradation of ferulic acid in microemulsions was slower than in micelles and near to that in water. 
TiO2, habitually employed as a physical sunscreen, showed photocatalytic action toward ferulic acid degradation especially at higher initial concentration of ferulic acid. 
The action of ferulic acid on the peroxidation of linoleic acid in micelles and microemulsions also was evaluated. 
When the ferulic acid is absent the peroxidation is continuous while when it is present an induction time of 40 minutes or higher was observed. 
Accordingly, it is likely that linoleic acid acts as photosensitizer for ferulic acid, and that in turn ferulic acid acts as an antioxidant for linoleic acid, reducing the rate of peroxidation.

In addition to enhancing the effect of certain vitamins, ferulic acid offers the following benefits when taken orally. 
A good target for daily ferulic acid intake is about 150-250 mg/day.

Liver Health

The liver is highly affected by alcohol toxicity. 
Ferulic acid contains antioxidants that fight free radicals and may help prevent liver injury.

Anti-Inflammatory Properties

Ferulic acid is classified as an anti-inflammatory agent. 
Ferulic acid can help reduce inflammation in the body.

Lower Blood Pressure

Several studies suggest that ferulic acid may have anti-hypertensive properties. 
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, may increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and other heart-related conditions.

Ferulic acid mitigates oxidative stress, a condition created when a body has more toxins than it has the ability to fight them, which lowers blood pressure.

Ferulic acid has been shown to fight the negative effects of various free radicals, including superoxide, nitric oxide, and hydroxyl radicals.

Free radicals may be one of the biggest reasons why people see prematurely aging skin, including under-eye wrinkles and marionette lines. 
These chemically reactive molecules are a regular part of life but lack of proper protection can make them extremely dangerous and lead to various skin cancers. 
But to understand why the use of ferulic acid and other antioxidants are valuable for healthy skin, it’s important to first understand how free radicals wreak havoc on your skin.

Firstly, they have been linked to s reduction in collagen, the supportive tissue that keeps skin tight and elastic and may inhibit further growth of this protein. 
They also diminish the amount of elastin in the skin. 
Elastin is another protein that allows your skin to stretch back into place without sagging.

Alone, ferulic acid is believed to be more powerful than vitamins C, E, and beta-carotene, and when combined with other powerful antioxidants, the acid is also thought to augment its effectiveness.

Ferulic acid is available in both supplemental form and as part of anti-aging serums. 
Ferulic acid’s primarily used to fight off free radicals, which play a role in age-related skin issues, including age spots and wrinkles.

Ferulic acid’s also available as a supplement intended for daily use. 
Some studies suggest that ferulic acid may be helpful for people with diabetes and pulmonary hypertension.

But ferulic acid supplements don’t appear to have the same potency for skin health as serums containing ferulic acid do.

Ferulic acid is also used for food preservation.
Additionally, it’s sometimes used by the pharmaceutical industry in some medications. 
More research is being done on other potential uses for this widely available antioxidant, including for Alzheimer’s and cardiovascular diseases.

In skin serums, ferulic acid tends to work well with other antioxidant ingredients, especially vitamin C.

Vitamin C is a common ingredient in many anti-aging skin care products. 
But vitamin C isn’t very shelf-stable on its own. It degrades quickly, especially when exposed to sunlight. 
That’s why vitamin C serums usually come in opaque or amber-colored bottles.

Ferulic acid is thought to help stabilize vitamin C while also increasing its photoprotection. 
Photoprotection refers to something’s ability to minimize sun damage.

A 2005 study suggests that ferulic acid has the potential to offer twice the amount of photoprotection when combined with vitamins C and E.

The study’s authors also note that such antioxidant combinations could reduce someone’s risk of future photoaging and, possibly, skin cancer. 
But these effects aren’t fully understood yet.

Ferulic acid works to stop all the damage that comes from extrinsic aging. 
Ferulic acid also does the following:

Reduces the formation of fine lines and wrinkles: 
Ferulic acid protects the skin from pollution and radiation, which can lead to wrinkles.1

Reduces the potential for sagging skin: 
Free radicals can also cause a loss of firmness in the skin, and ferulic acid acts as a shield to protect the skin from that damage.

Reduces inflammation: 
Oxidative damage can cause inflammation in the skin, which blocks pores and can lead to breakouts. 
Antioxidants like ferulic acid have anti-inflammatory properties.

Reduces the formation of brown spots:
Pollution and radiation cause an increase in pigmentary alteration—like sunspots—and ferulic acid works to shield the skin from that effect.

Decreases uneven skin tone by redness: 
Pollution and radiation cause an increase in blood vessel formation in the skin (which leads to redness) and ferulic acid works to shield the skin.

Minimize the dark spots from pimples: 
Nazarian says if you're using an antioxidant consistently, the anti-inflammatory properties can minimize the damage or aftereffects from a pimple, such as lingering dark spots.

Reduce pigmentation related to melasma: 
Melasma is a complex chronic pigmentary condition where your melanocytes are reactive to sunlight and infrared radiation (heat). Levin says the only thing we have currently to protect against infrared radiation are antioxidants (such as ferulic acid).

Boost the effects of vitamin C and vitamin E: 
When used in conjunction with other antioxidants, ferulic acid has the ability to potentiate them and make them more stable.

When applied topically, ferulic acid acts like other antioxidants in that it helps to slow the ageing process by reducing the effects of damaging free radicals on the skin. 
Ferulic acid is also thought to protect against sun damage, as well as assisting in skin's regeneration functions to tackle skin that has already been over-exposed. 
In addition it has the benefit of working well alongside other antioxidants, enhancing the stability and the efficacy of vitamins C and E.

If the effects of ageing are a concern for you then ferulic acid is a good way to slow the signs thanks to its ability to fight free radicals and slow down the ageing process caused by oxidation. 
Because it stabilises more problematic antioxidants such as the highly-oxidative vitamin C, it actually makes other skincare ingredients work even harder and last longer. 
If you have very sensitive skin you may have a negative reaction to with ferulic acid, but overall it is a safe ingredient for most skin types.

Ferulic acid is widely used in medicine, food, cosmetics field. 
Ferulic acid was used as the anti-inflammatory Drugs, pain, antithrombotic, ultraviolet radiation, anti-free radical and immune function of the human body, In the clinical, it was used as the treatment of those diseases such as coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, vasculitis, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. 
Ferulic acid also widely used in the food, cosmetic, mainly as an antioxidant.

Ferulic acid applied in Pharmaceutical field, the ferulic acid powder is mainly used to anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and anti-mutation;

Ferulic acid applied in cosmetic field, the ferulic acid powder is mainly used as raw materials with the function of anti-oxidation and anti-ultraviolet radiation.

As of now, creams, serums, and gels that contain ferulic acid are minimal. 
They are also on the costly side of beauty products one may readily find in a department store but if you want a serum that has some scientific experiments behind its claims, you want to procure a ferulic acid formula.

The ones readily available are inevitably paired up with vitamins C and E. 
Combining the three ingredients in a topical solution has proven to be the best formula for anti-aging serums, moisturizing, and sun-blocking formulas. 
Vitamin C, E, and ferulic acid combinations are especially useful for dry flaky skin on the face.

Ferulic acid is usually combined with vitamins E and C because it helps stabilize them. 
By stabilizing these vitamins, they become more powerful, protecting the skin against the harmful rays of the sun and stimulating collagen production. 
This powerful protection can discourage photo-aging, better known as sunspots, and has been linked to protecting against skin cancer.

Vitamin C, E, and ferulic acid combinations may also help to reduce the appearance of uneven skin tones, freckles, sunspots, and other conditions that leave hyperpigmentation on the skin, may benefit from its use. An even skin tone is always a sign of healthy skin.

Ferulic Acid, extracted from Rice Bran Oil, is one of the most powerful natural anti-oxidants. 
from rice bran oil, Many plants contain Ferulic acid, which plays a key role in the plants self preservation mechanism, re-enforcing it's cellular wall strength and protecting it from microbial damage as well as sun damage, . 
In vivo testing has shown Ferulic Acid to be highly effective as a topical anti-oxidant. 
Comparable to Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD) Ferulic Acid may help to prevent the propagation of the free radical chain.

Ferulic Acid has been demonstrated to be an anti-oxidant extender, for many of the other anti-oxidants. 
In particular the combination of Vitamins C, and E, were shown to double their photo protective capacity on the skin. 
Ferulic acid is well known that Vitamin C is very problematic in skin care due to it's highly oxidative state. 
There are several factors that must be controlled for topical Vitamin C to be effective.
One of those factors is stabilization once it's exposed to air, or moisture, where Vitamin C quickly oxidizes. 
Ferulic Acid has been shown to do just that. 
Ferulic Acid, combined at 0.8%, with Vitamin C works to stabilize the Vitamin C, preventing the oxidation, which resulted in the creation of the first C+E Ferulic Serum.

The combination of Vitamins C, and E, along with Ferulic Acid was made very popular by Skin Ceuticals, C+E Ferulic Serum *, which was used for the studies, and is a patented process.
The combination, in their C+E Ferulic Serum, was 15% Ascorbic Acid, 1% Vitamin E, and 0.8% Ferulic Acid. 
This is one of the most duplicated serums in the DIY cosmetics arena. 
However, when Ferulic Acid first hit the market it was only available in a form requiring the use of alcohol, and solvents, to utilize it in topical application. 
The Ingredients To Die For Ferulic Acid is, fully, hot water soluble allowing for the creation of a more simplified C+E Ferulic Serum without the use of alcohol, which is drying to the skin, or undesirable solvents, which contain 1,4 dioxane and other suspected carcinogenic contaminants, which many strive to avoid in todays top shelf cosmetics.


(2E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid

(E)-3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid

(E)-4'-Hydroxy-3'-methoxycinnamic acid

(E)-4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxycinnamic acid


(2E)-3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid
(2E)-3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acrylic acid 
(2E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid
(E)-3-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoic acid
(E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acrylic acid
(E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)prop-2-enoic acid
(E)-4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-Cinnamic acid
(E)-4-Hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid

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