Quick Search


E420 (Sorbitol)

D-Glucitol = Diakarmon = Glucitol

CAS: 50-70-4
European Community (EC) Number: 200-061-5
Molecular Formula: C6H14O6
Molecular Weight: 182.17 
IUPAC Name: (2R,3R,4R,5S)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol

Boiling Point: 295 °C at 3.5 mm Hg
Melting Point: 230 °F
Flash Point: 542 °F
Solubility: 2750000 mg/L (at 30 °C)
Density: 1.49 at 59 °F 
Vapor Pressure: 9.9X10-9 mm Hg at 25 °C (est)

E420 (Sorbitol), less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be obtained by reduction of glucose, which changes the converted aldehyde group (−CHO) to a primary alcohol group (−CH2OH). Most E420 (Sorbitol) is made from potato starch, but it is also found in nature, for example in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes.
E420 (Sorbitol) is converted to fructose by E420 (Sorbitol)-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is an isomer of mannitol, another sugar alcohol; the two differ only in the orientation of the hydroxyl group on carbon 2.
While similar, the two sugar alcohols have very different sources in nature, melting points, and uses.

E420 (Sorbitol), also called D-E420 (Sorbitol), 50-70-4, E420, and D-glucitol, is a type of carbohydrate. 
E420 (Sorbitol) falls into a category of sugar alcohols called polyols.

This water-soluble compound is found naturally in some fruits, including apples, apricots, dates, berries, peaches, plums, and figs.

E420 (Sorbitol) also commercially manufactured from corn syrup for use in packaged foods, beverages, and medications.

Commercially, E420 (Sorbitol) is used to preserve moisture, add sweetness, and provide texture to products, as well as potentially support digestive and oral health.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar alcohol found in fruits and plants with diuretic, laxative and cathartic property. 
Unabsorbed E420 (Sorbitol) retains water in the large intestine through osmotic pressure thereby stimulating peristalsis of the intestine and exerting its diuretic, laxative and cathartic effect. 
In addition, E420 (Sorbitol) has one-third fewer calories and 60 % the sweetening activity of sucrose and is used as a sugar replacement in diabetes. 

E420 (Sorbitol) is an odorless colorless solid. 
E420 (Sorbitol) sinks and mixes with water. 

D-glucitol is the D-enantiomer of glucitol (also known as D-E420 (Sorbitol)). 
D-glucitol has a role as a sweetening agent, a laxative, a metabolite, a cathartic, a human metabolite, a food humectant, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae metabolite, an Escherichia coli metabolite and a mouse metabolite. 
D-glucitol is an enantiomer of a L-glucitol.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a type of carbohydrate called a sugar alcohol, or polyol.
E420 (Sorbitol) contains about one-third fewer calories than sugar and is 60 percent as sweet.
E420 (Sorbitol) occurs naturally in a variety of berries and fruits (e.g., apples and blackberries).
E420 (Sorbitol) is also commercially produced and is the most commonly used polyol in the U.S.
E420 (Sorbitol) safety has been confirmed by global health authorities.

E420 (Sorbitol) (pronounced sore-bih-tall) is a type of carbohydrate called a sugar alcohol, or polyol, which are water-soluble compounds that occur naturally in many fruits and vegetables. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is also commercially produced from glucose for use in packaged foods and beverages to provide sweetness, texture and moisture retention.

E420 (Sorbitol) safety has been reviewed and confirmed by health authorities around the world, including the World Health Organization, the European Union, and the countries Australia, Canada and Japan. 
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also recognizes E420 (Sorbitol) as safe.

E420 (Sorbitol) AND HEALTH

Like most sugar alcohols, E420 (Sorbitol) is neither as sweet as nor as calorie-dense as sugar. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is about 60 percent as sweet as sugar and has about 35 percent fewer calories per gram (2.6 calories for E420 (Sorbitol) compared to 4 calories for sugar).

But E420 (Sorbitol) contributions to health go beyond calories. 
Studies on E420 (Sorbitol) metabolism date back as far as the 1920s, when researchers began testing E420 (Sorbitol) as a potential carbohydrate substitute in people with diabetes. 
Since that time, the benefits of sugar alcohols and how the body uses them have become better understood. 
Two areas where sugar alcohols are known for their positive effects are oral health and impact on blood sugar.

Oral Health:

Sugar alcohols, including E420 (Sorbitol), have been shown to benefit oral health in several ways, primarily because they are noncariogenic: in other words, they don’t contribute to cavity formation. 
The act of chewing also protects teeth from cavity-causing bacteria by promoting the flow of saliva. 
The increased saliva and noncariogenic properties (along with sweetness) are why sugar alcohols (E420 (Sorbitol) and xylitol) are used in sugar-free chewing gum.

Some sugar alcohols like erythritol and xylitol inhibit the growth of oral bacteria (Streptococcus mutans) that can cause cavities. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be fermented, albeit at a slower rate than sugar, by some but not all oral bacteria. 
Therefore, E420 (Sorbitol) is not as protective against cavities as some sugar alcohols, but has been shown to decrease cavities compared with sugar. 
Because of these attributes, the FDA recognizes E420 (Sorbitol) and other sugar alcohols as beneficial to oral health.

Blood sugar:

Like other sugar alcohols (with the exception of erythritol), E420 (Sorbitol) contains calories in the form of carbohydrate. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is slowly and incompletely absorbed from our small intestine. 
The remaining E420 (Sorbitol) continues to the large intestine, where its metabolism yields fewer calories. 
Because of this, E420 (Sorbitol) consumption (compared with an equal amount of sugar) reduces insulin secretion, which helps keep blood glucose levels lower as a result.

FOOD SOURCES OF E420 (Sorbitol)

Sugar alcohols are naturally produced in various plants as a result of photosynthesis.
E420 (Sorbitol) is found naturally in berries like blackberries, raspberries and strawberries, and other fruits such as apples, apricots, avocados, cherries, peaches and plums.

In addition to whole foods, E420 (Sorbitol) is commercially produced to help reduce calories from sugars in baked goods, chocolates, frozen desserts, hard candies, sugar-free chewing gum and snack bars.

E420 (Sorbitol) is one of the main photosynthetic end products and serves as a storage and transport sugar in most plant families. 
Synthesis of E420 (Sorbitol) takes place by catalysis of glucose via NADP-dependent E420 (Sorbitol)-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (S6PDH). 
E420 (Sorbitol) is further degraded to fructose by NAD+ E420 (Sorbitol) dehydrogenase in sink tissues. 
E420 (Sorbitol) plays an important role in osmotic adjustment in cell cytoplasm under various abiotic stresses such as salinity, chilling, and drought.

E420 (Sorbitol) belongs to the group of sugar alcohols and is synthesized from glucose 6-phosphate by the enzyme E420 (Sorbitol)-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (S6PDH) and E420 (Sorbitol)-6-pyrophosphatase (S6PP). 
The genes governing E420 (Sorbitol) biosynthesis have been used to develop transgenic plants in relation to abiotic stress tolerance.

E420 (Sorbitol) naturally occurs in some fruits and is industrially easily accessible by hydrogenation from glucose syrups at low costs. 
The WHO JEFCA in 1982 did not specify an ADI limit for E420 (Sorbitol).
E420 (Sorbitol) is considered GRAS in United States and is approved in EU and many other countries worldwide and has the highest market share of all polyols at present.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a white, hygroscopic, crystalline powder. 
E420 (Sorbitol) melts at 97°C and has excellent pH and heat stability in food processing. 
The relative sweetness is about 50% compared to sucrose. 
The sweetness profile of E420 (Sorbitol) compares more to glucose than sucrose. 
The application range is from drinks and dairy products to confectionery and bakery products. 
In Europe E420 (Sorbitol) has the food additive number E 420. 
From a food technologist viewpoint the following properties of E420 (Sorbitol) are important:

•In bulk sugar replacement E420 (Sorbitol) has a caloric value of 2.6 kcal/g, in the EU it is 2.4 kcal/g compared to 4.0 for sucrose. 
E420 (Sorbitol) offers some sweetness reduction if not combined with HISs.

•The solubility in water at ambient is the highest for all polyols; therefore besides that of the powder, a 70% solution in water is a common distribution form of E420 (Sorbitol).

•E420 (Sorbitol) and E420 (Sorbitol) syrup are good humectants, but they recrystallize quite easily. 
The ‘noncrystallizing’ E420 (Sorbitol) syrup contains some side concentration of mannitol or polyglycitol (HSH) syrup. 
Handling of E420 (Sorbitol) powder above 55% relative humidity results in lumping and stickiness issues

•The stability in baking is very good, there is no browning (Maillard reaction plus caramelization)

•In sugar-free wafer fillings frequently a combination of fructose powder, having a higher sweetness, and the less sweet and very economic E420 (Sorbitol) is applied

•E420 (Sorbitol) has a distinct cooling effect when dissolving in the mouth

•E420 (Sorbitol) has a very low glycemic response; the GI of E420 (Sorbitol) is 9. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is well suited for developing wafers and waffles low in GI and in carbohydrates. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is suitable for diabetics as well

•E420 (Sorbitol) is nonfermentable and therefore noncariogenic (tooth-friendly)

•E420 (Sorbitol) is a laxative, which limits general sugar replacement in bulk. 
The laxative action starts from about 15 g as a single dose or 20 to 40 g/day. 
If the content in laxative polyols in a food is 10% or higher, a warning label is required in the EU. 
In United States products with foreseeable higher consumption of E420 (Sorbitol) have to carry a warning label stating that ‘excess consumption can cause a laxative effect’

•Synergistic sweetness effects with HISs such as saccharine, acesulfame K and others were found

E420 (Sorbitol), also named d-glucitol, is a six carbon sugar alcohol, that is, found naturally in many fruits, such as berries, cherries, plums, pears, and apples. 
Due to its sweetness (∼60% compared to sucrose) and high-water solubility, E420 (Sorbitol) is largely used as a low-calorie sweetener, a humectant, a texturizer, or a softener. 
It is present in a wide range of food products, such as chewing gums, candies, desserts, ice creams, and diabetic foods. 
In addition, E420 (Sorbitol) is the starting material for the production of pharmaceutical compounds, such as sorbose and ascorbic acid, and it is also used as a vehicle for the suspension of drugs. 
Furthermore, this polyol is poorly absorbed, or not absorbed at all, in the small intestine. 
Therefore, it can reach the colon where it can act as a substrate for bacterial fermentation, and for this reason E420 (Sorbitol) could be used as a prebiotic compound. 
Supplementation with E420 (Sorbitol) resulted in enrichment for Lactobacilli in the rat colon and cecum.

E420 (Sorbitol) production has traditionally been by chemical catalytic hydrogenation of glucose or glucose–fructose mixtures (as detailed earlier for mannitol); however, these processes often produce mixtures of E420 (Sorbitol) and mannitol that are difficult to separate, and thus the production costs are high. 
Only a few microorganisms are able to produce E420 (Sorbitol) naturally, including the yeasts Candida boidinii, Candida famata, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as well as the Gram-negative bacteria Zymomonas mobilis; however, only the latter offers the potential for industrial biotechnological production of E420 (Sorbitol).

E420 (Sorbitol) , less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be obtained by reduction of glucose, which changes the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. 
Most E420 (Sorbitol) is made from corn syrup, but it is also found in nature, for example in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a naturally occurring sweetener synthetically extracted from glucose. 
Owing to its low calorific value, it is used in pharmaceutical products, sugar-free foods, and oral care products such as mouth fresheners and toothpastes. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is prescribed for use by diabetes patients as it has a lesser tendency to increase the sugar level in the blood.

Consumption of E420 (Sorbitol) gives a cooling sensation in the mouth with almost no aftertaste.  
E420 (Sorbitol) helps to maintain the high quality of food products by retaining moisture, improving the texture, and acts as a crystallization modifier, a softening agent, and a viscosity controller. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is an important ingredient in confectionery items and food that need to be stored for some time. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is a natural constituent of fruits such as apples and pears; dry fruits such as prunes and raisins; stoned fruits like apricots and peaches, and berries of the family of the Sorbus tree.

D-E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar alcohol that is commonly used as a sugar substitute. 
E420 (Sorbitol) occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. 
The food industry uses D-E420 (Sorbitol) as an additive in the form of a sweetener, humectant, emulsifier, thickener, or dietary supplement. 
D-E420 (Sorbitol) has also been found in cosmetics, paper, and pharmaceuticals. 
Naturally, D-E420 (Sorbitol) occurs widely in plants via photosynthesis, ranging from algae to higher order fruits of the family Rosaceae.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose.
E420 (Sorbitol) occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. 
E420 (Sorbitol) was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is also used in many manufacturing processes, as a pharmaceutical aid, and in several research applications. 
Ascorbic acid fermentation; in solution form for moisture-conditioning of cosmetic creams and lotions, toothpaste, tobacco, gelatin; bodying agent for paper, textiles, and liquid pharmaceuticals; softener for candy; sugar crystallization inhibitor; surfactants; urethane resins and rigid foams; plasticizer, stabilizer for vinyl resins; food additive (sweetener, humectant, emulsifier, thickener, anticaking agent); dietary supplement. 
Biological Source: Occurs widely in plants ranging from algae to the higher orders. 
Fruits of the plant family Rosaceae, which include apples, pears, cherries, apricots, contain appreciable amounts. 
Rich sources are the fruits of the Sorbus and Crataegus species Use/Importance: Used for manufacturing of sorbose, propylene glycol, ascorbic acid, resins, plasticizers and as antifreeze mixtures with glycerol or glycol. 
Tablet diluent, sweetening agent and humectant, other food uses. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is used in photometric determination of Ru(VI) and Ru(VIII); in acid-base titration of borate.

E420 (Sorbitol) is the chemical 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexanehexol (C6H14O6), a hexahydric alcohol, differing from mannitol principally by having a different optical rotation. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is produced by the electrolytic reduction, or the transition metal catalytic hydrogenation of sugar solutions containing glucose or fructose.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a white, crystalline, sweet, water-soluble powder, C6H8(OH)6, occurring in cherries, plums, pears, seaweed, and many berries, obtained by the breakdown of dextrose and used as a sugar substitute for diabetics and in the manufacture of vitamin C, synthetic resins, candy, varnishes, etc.; sorbol.

As all polyols, E420 (Sorbitol) and E420 (Sorbitol) syrup are sugar alcohols or hydrogenated carbohydrates. 
They are also known as sugar replacers, bulk sweeteners or sugar-free sweeteners. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be found naturally in various fruits. 
The commercial production is obtained by the catalytic hydrogenation of dextrose and of glucose syrups which are mainly sourced from maize, wheat and tapioca starches. 
Consisting primarily of D-E420 (Sorbitol), some hydrogenated saccharides (e.g. mannitol, maltitol…) may be present. 

Characterized by its specific nutritional and technological properties, E420 (Sorbitol) (European safety number E 420; International number INS 420) is used for decades in a large range of foodstuffs. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is commonly used as humectant and stabilizer in bakery and pastry applications, extending shelf-life by maintaining the moisture content of foodstuff. 
Scientific evidence has shown beneficial effects of the use of E420 (Sorbitol) in food to human health. 
The consumption of foods containing E420 (Sorbitol) instead of sugar may help maintaining tooth mineralisation by decreasing tooth demineralisation, and also may induce a lower blood glucose rise after meals compared to the same food product containing sugars. 
For instance, its sweetness and low caloric value make E420 (Sorbitol) a preferred ingredient in sugar-free confectionery and energy-reduced products.

E420 (Sorbitol) is widely used as pharmaceutical excipient, in direct compression applications to make tablets, where it provides bulk and sweetness to the drug products. 

In cosmetics and personal care products, E420 (Sorbitol) is used as flavouring agent, humectant and skin conditioning agent. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is recognized as the ideal base for personal care applications such as toothpaste and mouthwash. 
E420 (Sorbitol) indeed prevents the toothpaste from drying out thanks to its humectant function and gives the required viscosity. 
In addition, E420 (Sorbitol) has also a highly pronounced cooling effect when placed in water or in the mouth. 
This latter combined with its non-cariogenic properties are perfectly suitable for mouthwash recipes. 

Because of its taste and superior ability to retain moisture, E420 (Sorbitol) has many uses in consumer products.  
E420 (Sorbitol) may be included as a flavor enhancer, thickener and skin conditioning agent. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is frequently used in sugar-free chewing gum, ice cream and cough syrup.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar alcohol naturally found in fruits. 
E420 (Sorbitol) chemical properties allow it to have multiple actions within the body. 
E420 (Sorbitol) sweetening properties allow it to be used as a low-calorie sweetener in medicinal solutions. 
E420 (Sorbitol) hyperosmotic properties allow it to work as a laxative, drawing water into the colon from surrounding body tissues to allow softening of stool and relieve constipation. 
This ability to draw in water also allows it to be used in saliva substitutes to relieve dry mouth and during transurethral prostatectomy as a urinary bladder wash. 
The FDA approved E420 (Sorbitol) in February 1978.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sweetener with benefits. 
Known to thicken soaps and lotions, it is also a humectant that makes the skin and mouth feel smooth.  

E420 (Sorbitol) has a wide range of uses in the cosmetic and food industries where it can be either found in a crystalline or syrupy form. 
E420 (Sorbitol) was first isolated in 1872 from the juice of the rowan tree berries by a French chemist called Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, but can be now extracted from various natural sources. 
For example, the E420 (Sorbitol) found in Lush products is synthesized from corn syrup.

Despite its sweet taste, E420 (Sorbitol) is safe for use on the teeth as it’s not metabolised by the bacterias responsible for tooth decay. 
Left without food, they can’t survive and therefore can’t make damage.

The humectant and stabilising properties of E420 (Sorbitol) are also very appreciated in soap making.  
In 2018, a source of vegetable-based propylene glycol was found and gradually reintroduced into the soap range to improve quality.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a laxative. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is used to treat constipation.

A polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose. 
E420 (Sorbitol) occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. 
E420 (Sorbitol) was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a product that can be used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and also as a urologic irrigating fluid. 
E420 (Sorbitol) may also be used as a pharmaceutical sweetener.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a faintly sweet alcohol C6H14O6 that occurs in some fruits, is made synthetically, and is used especially as a humectant and softener and in making ascorbic acid

E420 (Sorbitol) is a white water-soluble crystalline alcohol with a sweet taste, found in certain fruits and berries and manufactured by the catalytic hydrogenation of sucrose: used as a sweetener (E420) and in the manufacture of ascorbic acid and synthetic resins. 
Formula: C6 H8(OH)6

D-E420 (Sorbitol) (E420 (Sorbitol)) is a six-carbon sugar alcohol and can used as a sugar substitute. D-E420 (Sorbitol) can be used as a stabilizing excipient and/or isotonicity agent, sweetener, humectant, thickener and dietary supplement.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar alcohol that is manufactured from the glucose produced from cornstarch. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is often used as a sugar substitute in candies, baked goods, syrups and beverages.

E420 (Sorbitol) is roughly 60% as sweet as sucrose and has approximately 2.6 calories per gram.
E420 (Sorbitol) also occurs naturally in some stone fruits and berries

Saccharin was the first commercially available artificial sweetener and was discovered in 1878 by Ira Remsen, a professor of chemistry with John Hopkins University. 
Following the the commercial success of saccharin, new artificial sweeteners were introduced to the market, including aspartame, sucralose and E420 (Sorbitol). 
While E420 (Sorbitol) was first isolated from berries by French chemists in 1872, it was not commercially successful until saccharin established consumer demand for artificial sweeteners.

By the mid 1950s, E420 (Sorbitol) was being industrially manufactured and was approved for use by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) in 1971.

E420 (Sorbitol) appears as a white hygroscopic powder, as a crystalline powder or as flakes or granules. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is highly soluble in water and slightly soluble in ethanol. 
The standard preparation is to dissolve a weighed quantity of it in water to obtain a solution with a concentration of about 10.0 mg of per ml.

E420 (Sorbitol) has two-thirds the calories of sugar and, as mentioned earlier, is less sweet. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is poorly absorbed by the body, so it does not raise insulin levels as much as sugar does; nor does it promote tooth decay.

E420 (Sorbitol) is  a glucose molecule with two hydrogens added. 
The two extra hydrogens are on either side of what used to be the double bond connecting the oxygen to the carbon, which is now a single bond.

E420 (Sorbitol) is industrially manufactured by the catalytic hydrogenation of the glucose produced from cornstarch. 
In addition to its use as an artificial sweetener, E420 (Sorbitol) is also used as a humectant in cosmetics and toiletries and as a liquid vehicle, stabilizer and sweetener in pharmaceuticals.

E420 (Sorbitol) frequently comes in powder form and is used as a sweetener or moisture-stabilizing agent in the production of confectionery, baked goods and chocolate, among many other products. 
E420 (Sorbitol) moisture-stabilizing action makes it a good choice for products that tend to become dry or harden, and it helps maintain freshness during storage.
E420 (Sorbitol) can withstand high temperatures and it combines well with other food ingredients such as gelling agents, fats and sugars.

E420 (Sorbitol) and E420 (Sorbitol) Syrup are plant-based ingredients used in food, obtained from cereals (maize and wheat) in the EU.

They belong to the Carbohydrates family. 
They are polyols also known as sugar alcohols.

E420 (Sorbitol) is less sweet than sucrose (about 60% of the sweetness).
E420 (Sorbitol) is less caloric than sugar (2.4kcal/g instead of 4 kcal/g), can help control blood glucose response and is tooth-friendly (non-cariogenic, do not cause dental caries).

E420 (Sorbitol) has been used in a wide range of foods for almost half a century. 
E420 (Sorbitol) has a smooth mouthfeel with a sweet, cool and pleasant taste and a sweet, caramel-like scent. E420 (Sorbitol) occurs naturally in some fruits, such as apples, pears, peaches, and prunes.

E420 (Sorbitol) is an approved food additive in the EU, carrying the identifying E-number E420.

E420 (Sorbitol) and E420 (Sorbitol) syrup are obtained from dextrose and glucose syrups.

E420 (Sorbitol) is used for its sweetening power in a wide variety of food products. It is a preferred ingredient in sugar-free confectionery and energy-reduced products, both for its tooth-friendliness (non-cariogenic), and low caloric value.

Scientific evidence has shown the benefits to human health of adding E420 (Sorbitol) to food to replace sugars. The consumption of foods containing E420 (Sorbitol) instead of sugar helps reduce tooth demineralisation. It may also induce a lower rise in blood glucose after consumption compared to the same food product containing sugars.

In addition to providing sweetness, it is also an excellent texturizing and anti-crystallization agent. E420 (Sorbitol) brings a cooling effect and gives many food products a very smooth texture due to its high-water retention property.

E420 (Sorbitol) is for example used often in chewing gums, candies, frozen desserts, cookies, cakes, icings and fillings.

E420 (Sorbitol) is used in oral care products, including toothpaste and mouthwash, as well as in cosmetics and personal care products, where it is used as flavouring agent, humectant and skin conditioning agent. 
E420 (Sorbitol) prevents toothpaste from drying out thanks to its humectant function and gives the required viscosity. 
In addition, E420 (Sorbitol) also has a highly pronounced cooling effect when placed in water or in the mouth. 
This makes it, along with its non-cariogenic properties, perfectly suitable for mouthwash recipes.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar alcohol, which the human body metabolizes slowly.
E420 (Sorbitol) can be obtained by reduction of glucose, changing the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. 
Most E420 (Sorbitol) is made from corn syrup, but it is also found in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes.
E420 (Sorbitol) is synthesized by E420 (Sorbitol)-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and converted to fructose by succinate dehydrogenase and E420 (Sorbitol) dehydrogenase. 
Succinate dehydrogenase is an enzyme complex that participates in the citric acid cycle.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar alcohol. 
E420 (Sorbitol) chemical structure is very similar to glucose, with an added hydrogen atom. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is about 60% as sweet as table sugar, but it doesn’t raise blood glucose like table sugar does.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a polyol ( sugar alcohol ) that is used as a sweetening agent in various food products, including:

-Sugar-free sweets
-Frozen desserts
-Baked goods and
-Chewing gum

E420 (Sorbitol) has 60% of the sweetness of sucrose, with one-third fewer calories, and leaves a sweet, cool and pleasant taste.

As well as providing bulk and sweetness, E420 (Sorbitol) is an excellent humectant and texturising agent, it does not contribute towards dental caries and may be helpful to people with diabetes.

E420 (Sorbitol) occurs naturally in various fruits and berries. 
First discovered in 1872, it is today commercially produced by the hydrogenation of glucose and is available in both liquid and crystalline form.

E420 (Sorbitol) is useful in the production of confectionery, baked goods and chocolate where products tend to become dry or harden.

This is because E420 (Sorbitol) protects against loss of moisture content, unlike other polyols such as mannitol. 
E420 (Sorbitol) moisture-stabilising properties, protects these products from drying and maintains their initial freshness during storage.

E420 (Sorbitol) is also very stable. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can withstand high temperatures and does not participate in Maillard (browning) reactions. 
E420 (Sorbitol) works well with other food ingredients such as sugars, gelling agents, proteins and vegetable fats, and may be synergistic with other sweeteners.

E420 (Sorbitol) is also regularly used in the formulation of oral care products such as toothpaste and mouthwash.

Like all polyols, E420 (Sorbitol) is non-cariogenic, meaning it is not metabolised by oral bacteria which break down sugars and starches to release acids that may lead to cavities or the erosion of tooth enamel.

This dental health benefit of sugar alcohols is recognised by various health groups/associations across the globe.

E420 (Sorbitol) is slowly absorbed by the body, allowing part of the ingested substance to reach the large intestine where metabolism generates fewer calories.

While sucrose (table sugar) contributes four calories per gram, E420 (Sorbitol) has a calorie value of just 2.5 and is widely used in formulating ‘low-calorie’ and ‘light’ food products.

E420 (Sorbitol) may be useful as an alternative to sugar for people with diabetes as it significantly reduces the rise in blood glucose and the insulin response associated with the ingestion of glucose.

E420 (Sorbitol) also has a reduced calorie value of around 2.54 kcal/g, which is consistent with the objective of calorie and weight control for diabetics.

E420 (Sorbitol) Solution, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be obtained by reduction of glucose, which changes the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group. 
Most E420 (Sorbitol) is made from corn syrup, but it is also found in nature, for example in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is converted to fructose by E420 (Sorbitol)-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase.
E420 (Sorbitol) is an isomer of mannitol, another sugar alcohol; the two differ only in the orientation of the hydroxyl group on carbon 2. 
While similar, the two sugar alcohols have very different sources in nature, melting points, and uses.

E420 (Sorbitol) Solution is used in wide variety of food, confections, pharmaceutical, oral care and industrial applications. 
Typical functionality is as a bulking agent, sweetener and humectant.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a sampleable and chemically non-reactive polyalcohol, which allows it to withstand high temperatures without a change in its properties. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is a refined low-calorie sugar (containing 30% with respect to sucrose) which has a sweetness of 60% with respect to glucose. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is considered a natural sweetener of low power, with low caloric power, belongs to the family of polyols (along with mannitol, xylitol, lactitol, maltitol and isomalt), being the most used.

E420 (Sorbitol) is used as an additive in the food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, paper and leather industries. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is also a raw material for various chemicals such as vitamin C, surfactants and resins.

E420 (Sorbitol) is commonly used as an excipient in pharmaceutical formulations. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is available in a wide range of grades. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is useful for ODT formulations due to its characteristics such as sweet taste, and cooling sensation.

E420 (Sorbitol) is a polyol (sugar alcohol) that is used as a bulk sweetener in various food products. 
In addition to imparting sweetness, it is an excellent moisturizing and texturizing agent. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is about 60% as sweet as sucrose and has a third fewer calories. 
E420 (Sorbitol) produces a smooth sensation in the mouth, with a sweet, fresh and pleasant taste. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is non-cariogenic and can be useful for diabetic people. 
E420 (Sorbitol) has been safely used in processed foods for nearly half a century. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is also used in other products, such as pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

E420 (Sorbitol) is used as a humectant in many types of products to provide protection against loss of moisture content. The textural and moisture stabilizing properties of E420 (Sorbitol) are used in the production of confectionery, baked goods, and chocolate in cases where the products tend to dry out or harden. Its moisture stabilizing action protects these products from drying out and maintains their initial freshness when stored.

E420 (Sorbitol) is very stable and is not chemically reactive. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can withstand high temperatures and does not participate in Maillard reactions (blackening). 
This is an advantage, for example, in biscuit production, where a fresh color without blackening is desired. 
E420 (Sorbitol) also mixes well with other food ingredients such as sugars, gelling agents, proteins, and vegetable fats. 
E420 (Sorbitol) works well in many food products such as chewing gum, candy, frozen desserts, cookies, cakes, icings and fillings, as well as oral health products such as toothpaste and mouthwash.

The absorption of E420 (Sorbitol) by the body is slow, which allows part of the ingested E420 (Sorbitol) to reach the large intestine, where metabolism provides fewer calories. 
Therefore, E420 (Sorbitol) provides only 2.6 calories per gram, as opposed to sugar, which provides 4. 
The US Food and Drug Administration has stated that it does not oppose the use of this value. 
The lower caloric value of E420 (Sorbitol) and other polyols is also recognized in other countries. 
For example, the European Union has issued a Nutrition Labeling Directive that assigns all polyols, including E420 (Sorbitol), a caloric value of 2.4 calories per gram.


-Low-calorie sweetener

-Will not raise blood sugar in people with diabetes

-Safe, cheap laxative for children and the elderly

-Used to help treat poisoning

-Used in soap and cosmetics

Functions and Applications

1. E420 (Sorbitol) is mainly used for the materials of VC in medicine and materials of surfactant in light industry.

2. E420 (Sorbitol) also can be used in toothpaste, cigarette and cosmetics as the substitute of glycerin.  

3. In the food industry, E420 (Sorbitol) is used as edulcorator, especially suitable for the food of diabetics; it also can lengthen the storage term of some food.    

4. In chemical industry, E420 (Sorbitol) rosin ester is used as the materials of common construction coating.     

5. E420 (Sorbitol) is widely used in tooth pastes and other oral hygiene formulations.   


E420 (Sorbitol) may be synthesised via a glucose reduction reaction in which the converted aldehyde group is converted into a hydroxyl group. 
The reaction requires NADH and is catalyzed by aldose reductase. 
Glucose reduction is the first step of the polyol pathway of glucose metabolism, and is implicated in multiple diabetic complications.

The mechanism involves a tyrosine residue in the active site of aldehyde reductase. 
The hydrogen atom on NADH is transferred to the electrophilic aldehyde carbon atom; electrons on the aldehyde carbon-oxygen double bond are transferred to the oxygen that abstracts the proton on tyrosine side chain to form the hydroxyl group. 
The role of aldehyde reductase tyrosine phenol group is to serve as a general acid to provide proton to the reduced aldehyde oxygen on glucose.

Glucose reduction is not the major glucose metabolism pathway in a normal human body, where the glucose level is in the normal range. 
However, in diabetic patients whose blood glucose level is high, up to 1/3 of their glucose could go through the glucose reduction pathway. 
This will consume NADH and eventually leads to cell damage.
E420 (Sorbitol) also may be synthesized through a catalytic hydrogenation of d-glucose to form d-E420 (Sorbitol). 
This reaction has a 100% yield of d-E420 (Sorbitol) when d-glucose is reacted with hydrogen in water at 120 degrees Celsius, under 150001.5 Torr, for 1 hour.



E420 (Sorbitol) is a sugar substitute, and when used in food it has the INS number and E number 420. E420 (Sorbitol) is about 60% as sweet as sucrose (table sugar).

E420 (Sorbitol) is referred to as a nutritive sweetener because it provides dietary energy: 2.6 kilocalories (11 kilojoules) per gram versus the average 4 kilocalories (17 kilojoules) for carbohydrates. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is often used in diet foods (including diet drinks and ice cream), mints, cough syrups, and sugar-free chewing gum.
Most bacteria cannot use E420 (Sorbitol) for energy, but it can be slowly fermented in the mouth by Streptococcus mutans, a bacterium that causes tooth decay. 
In contrast, many other sugar alcohols such as isomalt and xylitol are considered non-acidogenic.

E420 (Sorbitol) also occurs naturally in many stone fruits and berries from trees of the genus Sorbus.

Medical applications:


As is the case with other sugar alcohols, foods containing E420 (Sorbitol) can cause gastrointestinal distress. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be used as a laxative when taken orally or as an enema. 
E420 (Sorbitol) works as a laxative by drawing water into the large intestine, stimulating bowel movements.
E420 (Sorbitol) has been determined safe for use by the elderly, although it is not recommended without the advice of a doctor.
E420 (Sorbitol) is found in some dried fruits and may contribute to the laxative effects of prunes.
E420 (Sorbitol) was first discovered in the fresh juice of mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia) berries in 1872.
E420 (Sorbitol) is also found in the fruits of apples, plums, pears, cherries, dates, peaches and apricots.

Other medical applications:

E420 (Sorbitol) is used in bacterial culture media to distinguish the pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 from most other strains of E. coli, because it is usually unable to ferment E420 (Sorbitol), unlike 93% of known E. coli strains.

A treatment for hyperkalaemia (elevated blood potassium) uses E420 (Sorbitol) and the ion-exchange resin sodium polystyrene sulfonate (tradename Kayexalate).
The resin exchanges sodium ions for potassium ions in the bowel, while E420 (Sorbitol) helps to eliminate it. 
In 2010, the U.S. FDA issued a warning of increased risk for gastrointestinal necrosis with this combination.

E420 (Sorbitol) is also used in the manufacture of softgel capsules to store single doses of liquid medicines.

Health care, food, and cosmetic uses:

E420 (Sorbitol) often is used in modern cosmetics as a humectant and thickener.
E420 (Sorbitol) is also used in mouthwash and toothpaste. 
Some transparent gels can be made only with E420 (Sorbitol), because of its high refractive index.

E420 (Sorbitol) is used as a cryoprotectant additive (mixed with sucrose and sodium polyphosphates) in the manufacture of surimi, a processed fish paste.
E420 (Sorbitol) is also used as a humectant in some cigarettes.

Beyond its use as a sugar substitute in reduced-sugar foods, E420 (Sorbitol) is also used as a humectant in cookies and low-moisture foods like peanut butter and fruit preserves.
In baking, E420 (Sorbitol) is also valuable because it acts as a plasticizer, and slows down the staling process.

Miscellaneous uses:

A mixture of E420 (Sorbitol) and potassium nitrate has found some success as an amateur solid rocket fuel.

E420 (Sorbitol) is identified as a potential key chemical intermediate for production of fuels from biomass resources. 
Carbohydrate fractions in biomass such as cellulose undergo sequential hydrolysis and hydrogenation in the presence of metal catalysts to produce E420 (Sorbitol).
Complete reduction of E420 (Sorbitol) opens the way to alkanes, such as hexane, which can be used as a biofuel. 
Hydrogen required for this reaction can be produced by aqueous phase catalytic reforming of E420 (Sorbitol).

19 C6H14O6 → 13 C6H14 + 36 CO2 + 42 H2O

The above chemical reaction is exothermic, and 1.5 moles of E420 (Sorbitol) generate approximately 1 mole of hexane. 
When hydrogen is co-fed, no carbon dioxide is produced.

E420 (Sorbitol) based polyols are used in the production of polyurethane foam for the construction industry.

E420 (Sorbitol) is also added after electroporation of yeasts in transformation protocols, allowing the cells to recover by raising the osmolarity of the medium.

E420 (Sorbitol) is widely used as an excipient in pharmaceutical formulations. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is also used extensively in cosmetics and food products. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is used as a diluent in tablet formulations prepared by either wet granulation or direct compression. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is particularly useful in chewable tablets owing to its pleasant, sweet taste and cooling sensation. 
In capsule formulations it is used as a plasticizer for gelatin. 
E420 (Sorbitol) has been used as a plasticizer in film formulations. 
In liquid preparations E420 (Sorbitol) is used as a vehicle in sugar-free formulations and as a stabilizer for drug, vitamin, and antacid suspensions. 
Furthermore, E420 (Sorbitol) is used as an excipient in liquid parenteral biologic formulations to provide effective protein stabilization in the liquid state. 
E420 (Sorbitol) has also been shown to be a suitable carrier to enhance the in vitro dissolution rate of indometacin. 
In syrups it is effective in preventing crystallization around the cap of bottles. 
E420 (Sorbitol) is additionally used in injectable and topical preparations ... 
E420 (Sorbitol) may also be used analytically as a marker for assessing liver blood flow.

In the manufacture of sorbose, ascorbic acid, propylene glycol, synthetic plasticizers and resins; as humectant (moisture conditioner) on printing rolls; in leather; in writing inks; in candy mfr; in antifreeze mixture with glycerol or glycols increases absorption of pharmaceutical preparation; pharmaceutic aid (sweetening agent; tablet excipient); sugar substitute for diabetics.

Food uses of polyhydric alcohol, /E420 (Sorbitol) is used in flavor concentrate; confections; chewing gum; dried roasted nuts; meat products; pet foods; icings and toppings; coconut; beverages; special dietary foods/.

Industry Uses:


-Functional fluids (closed systems)


-Plating agents and surface treating agents


Consumer Uses:

-Laundry and dishwashing products

-Non-TSCA use

-Personal care products

-Plastic and rubber products not covered elsewhere

-used in products which are used as cleaners in plating processes, examples of final uses are automotive and machinery.

Medical importance:

Aldose reductase is the first enzyme in the E420 (Sorbitol)-aldose reductase pathway responsible for the reduction of glucose to E420 (Sorbitol), as well as the reduction of galactose to galactitol. 
Too much E420 (Sorbitol) trapped in retinal cells, the cells of the lens, and the Schwann cells that myelinate peripheral nerves, is a frequent result of long-term hyperglycemia that accompanies poorly controlled diabetes. 
This can damage these cells, leading to retinopathy, cataracts and peripheral neuropathy, respectively. 
Aldose reductase inhibitors, which are substances that prevent or slow the action of aldose reductase, are currently being investigated as a way to prevent or delay these complications.

E420 (Sorbitol) is fermented in the colon and produces short-chain fatty acids, which are beneficial to overall colon health.

Benefits and uses:

E420 (Sorbitol) is a widely used sugar alcohol for several reasons.

First, sugar alcohols are often used in foods and beverages in place of traditional sugar to reduce their calorie content. 
E420 (Sorbitol) contains approximately two-thirds of the calories of table sugar and provides about 60% of the sweetness.

E420 (Sorbitol) also not fully digested in your small intestine. 
What remains of the compound from there moves into the large intestine where it’s instead fermented, or broken down by bacteria, resulting in fewer calories being absorbed.

Second, the sweetener is often added to foods marketed to people with diabetes. 
That’s because E420 (Sorbitol) has very little effect on blood sugar levels when eaten, compared with foods made with traditional sweeteners like table sugar.

Third, unlike table sugar, sugar alcohols like E420 (Sorbitol) don’t contribute to the formation of cavities. 
This is one reason why they’re often used to sweeten sugar-free chewing gum and liquid medications.

In fact, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recognized that sugar alcohols like E420 (Sorbitol) may benefit oral health. 
This is based on a study that found that E420 (Sorbitol) may reduce cavity risk compared with table sugar, although not to the same extent as other sugar alcoholS.

Lastly, it’s used on its own as a laxative to combat constipation. 
E420 (Sorbitol) hyperosmotic, meaning it draws water into the colon from surrounding tissues to promote bowel movements. 
E420 (Sorbitol) can be purchased for this purpose at most grocery and drug stores without a prescription.

Storage and handling:

Most E420 (Sorbitol) can be stored at room temperature, or approximately 77°F (25°C). 
E420 (Sorbitol) should not be frozen or kept in hot environments, as this may reduce its shelf life.

However, many variations of E420 (Sorbitol) products exist, so it’s likely that their shelf lives vary.

If stored correctly, most products typically last 6–12 months, although this depends on the form and brand.
Once a product is expired, be sure to discard it appropriately through a drug take-back event or another safe disposal method.



klysma Sorbit



E420 (Sorbitol)


D-E420 (Sorbitol)

E420 (Sorbitol)





(-)-E420 (Sorbitol)






D-(-)-E420 (Sorbitol)













Karion instant

E420 (Sorbitol) F

Sorbex Rp

E420 (Sorbitol) FP


Sionit K

Sorbex M

Sorbex R

Sorbex S

Sorbex X

E420 (Sorbitol) syrup C

Hexahydric alcohol




Neosorb P 60


Foodol D 70


Neosorb 20/60DC

Neosorb 70/02

Neosorb 70/70

Neosorb P 20/60

Karion (carbohydrate)




FEMA No. 3029

E420 (Sorbitol) solutions

CCRIS 1898

Glucitol, D-




HSDB 801



NSC 25944



D-Glucitol, homopolymer








E 420






Sorbit DP




E420 (Sorbitol) [USP:NF]

E420 (Sorbitol) 3% in plastic container


EINECS 200-061-5


E420 (Sorbitol) 3.3% IN PLASTIC CONTAINER


E420 (Sorbitol) S

E420 (Sorbitol) FK

Sorbit D-Powder

Sorbit S

Sorbit W-Powder

Sorbit WP

E420 (Sorbitol) (NF)

Neosorb P60

E420 (Sorbitol) F solution

Kyowa Powder 50M

Sorbogem 712

E420 (Sorbitol) (Glucitol)

Neosorb P 60W

Sorbit D 70

Sorbit DP 50

Sorbit L 70

Sorbit T 70

Sorbit W 70

D-E420 (Sorbitol), 99%

Sorbit W-Powder 50


D-E420 (Sorbitol); D-glucitol

D-E420 (Sorbitol) (JP17)

E420 (Sorbitol) solution (USP)

D-E420 (Sorbitol), >=98%


Sorbit Kyowa Powder 50M




Epitope ID:114708

Isomalt impurity, E420 (Sorbitol)-

D-E420 (Sorbitol), NF/FCC grade




D-E420 (Sorbitol), analytical standard

D-E420 (Sorbitol), for electrophoresis


D-E420 (Sorbitol), BioXtra, >=98%

D-E420 (Sorbitol), for synthesis, 99%







D-E420 (Sorbitol), >=98%, FCC, FG





D-E420 (Sorbitol), plant cell culture tested



D-Sorbit 1000 microg/mL in Methanol



E420 (Sorbitol) 3% in plastic container (TN)

D-E420 (Sorbitol) solution, 70% in H2O, CP








D-E420 (Sorbitol), SAJ first grade, >=97.0%


D-E420 (Sorbitol), for molecular biology, >=98%

D-E420 (Sorbitol), BioUltra, >=99.5% (HPLC)

D-E420 (Sorbitol), SAJ special grade, >=99.0%

D-E420 (Sorbitol), Vetec(TM) reagent grade, 97%




D-E420 (Sorbitol), crystallized, >=99.0% (HPLC)












D-E420 (Sorbitol), liquid, tested according to Ph.Eur.



mixed with ethyl acetate fraction of Plinia cauliflora

mixed with tannin enriched fraction of Plinia cauliflora

E420 (Sorbitol), European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard



E420 (Sorbitol), United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

D-E420 (Sorbitol), BioReagent, cell culture tested, plant cell culture tested

E420 (Sorbitol), Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

E420 (Sorbitol) F solution, 70 wt. % in H2O, Contains mainly D-E420 (Sorbitol) with lesser amounts of other hydrogenated oligosaccharides


  • Share !