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E350 (Sodium malate)

E350 (Sodium malate) = MALIC ACID  

CAS-No. : 676-46-0
EC-No. : 211-627-6
Molecular Formula: C4H4Na2O5

E350 (Sodium malate) is a compound with formula Na2(C2H4O(COO)2). 
E350 (Sodium malate) is the sodium salt of malic acid. 
Malic acid is a racemic mixture of naturally occuring L-malic acid and D-malic acid. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is an odorless white crystalline powder. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is freely soluble in water.

E350 (Sodium malate) tastes similar to sodium chloride (table salt).
Sodium L Malate is the disodium salt of L-malic acid. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is a sodium salt and derived from the malic acid. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is also known as a sodium salt of malic acid. 
Malic acid can be obtained from the fermentation process of natural sugars.

E350 (Sodium malate) also found naturally in unripe apples and other fruits such as cherries, cranberries, plums, apricots, peaches, pears, tomatoes, and others.  
Malic acid is a tart-tasting organic dicarboxylic acid that contributes to the taste of many sour or tart foods such as apples. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is the sodium salt of Malic Acid. 
Malic Acid and E350 (Sodium malate) can be found in a wide range of cosmetics and personal care products.

Malic Acid is an organic acid which can be prepared by fermentation from natural sugars. 
The naturally occurring form of Malic Acid can be found in unripe apples and other fruits. 
Malic acid can make a wine taste tart, although the amount decreases with increasing fruit ripeness. 
The process of malolactic fermentation converts Malic Acid to much milder lactic acid.
E350 (Sodium malate) is the sodium salt of malic acid and has the formula Na2(C2H4O(COO)2). 

E350 (Sodium malate) is a colorless crystalline powder and is easily soluble in water. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is widely known by E350 (Sodium malate)'s E number E350.  
E350 (Sodium malate), also known as the sodium salt of malic acid and is a mineral. 
E350 (Sodium malate) can also be obtained naturally from the plant source such as unripe apples among others. 

E350 (Sodium malate) or E350 (Sodium malate) is a sodium salt obtained by derivatizing sodium hydroxide and malic acid. 
Malic acid is a dicarboxylic acid, its taste is bitter and occurs naturally in acidic foods, especially in fruits (apples, wine). 

USES and APPLICATIONS of E350 (Sodium malate):
-E350 (Sodium malate) is used as a food additive.
-Source of CO2 in the Calvin cycle.
-Malic acid is used in cosmetic product formulations and is generally recognized as safe as a direct food additive for use as a flavor enhancer, flavoring agent and adjuvant, and as a pH control agent. 

-In medicine malic acid is also used in the preparation of salts. 
The racemic malic acid is an active ingredient of Acerbine solution, which is applied for the treatment of superficial skin injuries. 
L-Malic acid is an intermediate of the Krebs cycle.
-As a food additive, E350 (Sodium malate) has the E number E350.
-E350 (Sodium malate) is used as an acidity regulator and flavoring agent.
-E350 (Sodium malate) tastes similar to sodium chloride (table salt).

-Food Industry (Additive, Energy supplement, Buffer, Flavor).
-Breeding Industry (Acidification, Preservatives).
-Medical & Daily Chemical Industry ( Bacteriostat, Supplement).
-E350 (Sodium malate) is a form of sodium salt derived from malic acid which is used as a food additive and act as an acidity regulator and flavoring agent. 
Malic acid is a racemic mixture of naturally occurring L-malic acid and D-malic acid. 

-Malic acid is primarily utilized across the cosmetic industry for various formulations and is often considered a safe food additive for use as a flavor enhancer, flavoring agent, and adjuvant, and pH control agent.
-Moreover, the growing usage of E350 (Sodium malate), especially in the form of MonoE350 (Sodium malate) as food additives in multiple food products like bakery and confectionery, flavored soft drinks, and meat products is driving the market growth. 
-Additionally, the prominent market competitors in the market are targetting on innovating products containing hydroxybutanedioic acid disodium salt which has a longer shelf-life in order to meet the growing demand for beverages consumption. 

-Furthermore, stringent government regulation for use in E350 (Sodium malate) as a humectant in cosmetics is augmenting the market growth. 
-In the food industry, E350 (Sodium malate) is used as a food additive that not only helps to enhance the flavors but also acts as a pH regulator which is set to further enhance the overall market developments of the E350 (Sodium malate) Market for the period 2021-2026.
-Used as a buffer, flavoring agent, salt replacement agent

-E350 (Sodium malate) acts as a flavoring agent and acidity regulator after used as a food additive and also has vital use in the cosmetic industry as a skin conditioning agent.
-E350 (Sodium malate) is used as food additives for different food applications. 
-E350 (Sodium malate) is mostly used in processed food where E350 (Sodium malate) works as a flavoring agent and as well as improve the shelf-life of processed food. 
-In addition, E350 (Sodium malate) is also applicable to the cosmetics industry where E350 (Sodium malate) is utilized for personal care products.

-E350 (Sodium malate) act as a humectant in the cosmetic industry, especially for skin care products. 
-E350 (Sodium malate) is an important preservative, pH control agent, and flavoring agent.
-Malic Acid and E350 (Sodium malate) are used primarily to control the pH of cosmetic products.
-E350 (Sodium malate) is a food preservative that is added to keep food fresh. 
E350 (Sodium malate) appears as a white crystalline powder with no odor or taste. 

-E350 (Sodium malate) is used as a food preservative, especially in aquatic product and meat products.
-E350 (Sodium malate) is used in the food industry as flavouring agent and as acidity regulator.
-E350 (Sodium malate) is one of the most widely used organic acids in the food and beverage industries. 
-E350 (Sodium malate) also finds its use in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and personal care applications. 
-E350 (Sodium malate) can be used in food and beverages applications to provide a sour taste with great flavor intensity. 

-Food and Beverages:
The E350 (Sodium malate) is a buffering agent. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is commonly used as an additive in beverages and other food products to improve the flavor of certain foods, such as cheese and baked goods. 
Depending on E350 (Sodium malate)'s intended use, E350 (Sodium malate) can also be labeled as an either natural or artificial flavoring. 
In addition to affecting taste perception, E350 (Sodium malate) may slow the growth of harmful bacteria in food.

-Cosmetics and Personal Care:
E350 (Sodium malate) is used in Cosmetics and Personal Care as a buffering agent. 
E350 (Sodium malate) helps to maintain the pH balance of cosmetics and personal care products. 
E350 (Sodium malate) also increases the anti-aging properties of moisturizers by keeping hyaluronic acid, collagen, and elastin formation on track which prevents wrinkles from appearing or getting deeper. 
In addition, E350 (Sodium malate) is used as a fragrance carrier. 
E350 (Sodium malate) can bind with water molecules and prevent them from escaping during evaporation which prevents your product from losing its moisture content over time.

E350 (Sodium malate) is used in pharmaceuticals as an anti-inflammatory drug. 
E350 (Sodium malate) helps to reduce pain, swelling, and stiffness of joints caused due to arthritis or injuries. 
E350 (Sodium malate) acts on the lining of blood vessels which leads to reduction of inflammation by blocking certain enzymes that cause allergic reactions.

-E350 (Sodium malate) is used in food (eg sweets, soft drinks) and cosmetics. 
-They act as acidity regulators and humectants that protect products from drying. 
-They act as acidity regulators and humectants.
-In cosmetics, E350 (Sodium malate) is used as a peeling agent, rejuvenates the skin and acts as an antioxidant. 

-E350 (Sodium malate) balances skin tone, gives it brightness, moisturizes, helps maintain a healthy pH value in the product, softens, smoothes, has emulsifying properties and acts as a surfactant.
-It is added to hair care and personal care products, nail treatments, body lotions and creams, anti-aging care, and anti-acne products. 
E350 (Sodium malate) is very well tolerated even by sensitive skin, it is suitable for vegans. 

MANUFACTURING PROCESS of E350 (Sodium malate):
The reaction of maleic acid with a hydroxide of sodium is carried out. 
In general this reaction is conducted by admixing maleic acid with an excess of the hydroxide in the presence of water. 
The reaction mixture is then heated for from about one day to about one month at temperatures ranging from about 50° C. to reflux temperatures. 
Naturally, the temperature range and time intervals employed may be reduced if this reaction is conducted under pressure.

Sodium DL-malate is a salt that can be used in the food and beverages industry. 
Sodium DL-malate helps to increase the shelf life of certain products by preventing bacterial growth, contributing to their safety for human consumption. 
This type of E350 (Sodium malate) also contributes positively towards taste enhancement and flavor improvement. 
Moreover, Sodium DL-malate acts as a synergistic component in the production of certain products like baked goods, processed meats, and poultry.

Sodium l-malate is the sodium salt of malic acid. 
Sodium l-malate has a chemical formula C*H*NaO*, which can be represented as CH, Na0*. 
The abbreviation for sodium DL-Malate is usually “SDM” or just "DM". 
Sodium L-malate and potassium l-malate are used as a food additive and a nutrient.

PHYSICAL and CHEMICAL PROPERTIES of E350 (Sodium malate):
Appearance Form: powder
White crystalline powder or lumps
Solubility: Freely soluble in water
Color: white
Formula Weight:178.05 g/mol
Odor: No data available

Odor Threshold: No data available
pH: No data available
Melting point/freezing point: 300 °C
Initial boiling point and boiling range: No data available
Flash point: No data available
Evaporation rate: No data available

Flammability (solid, gas): No data available
Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits: No data available
Vapor pressure: No data available
Vapor density: No data available
Relative density: No data available
Water solubility: No data available
Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water: No data available

Autoignition temperature: No data available
Decomposition temperature:No data available
Viscosity, kinematic: No data available
Viscosity, dynamic: No data available
Explosive properties: No data available
Oxidizing properties: No data available
pH(50g/L, 25 degrees C) : 7.0 - 11.0
Specific Rotation: -7.3 - -8.6 degrees(D/20 degrees C) (c=10, H2O)

FIRST AID MEASURES of E350 (Sodium malate):
-Description of first-aid measures:
*If inhaled:
After inhalation: 
Fresh air.
*In case of skin contact: 
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. 
Rinse skin with water/ shower.
*In case of eye contact:
After eye contact: 
Rinse out with plenty of water. 
Remove contact lenses.
*If swallowed:
After swallowing: 
Make victim drink water (two glasses at most). 
Consult doctor if feeling unwell.

-Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures:
-Environmental precautions
Do not let product enter drains.
-Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up
Cover drains. 
Collect, bind, and pump off spills. 
Observe possible material restrictions.
Take up dry. 
Dispose of properly. 
Clean up affected area. 

FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES of E350 (Sodium malate):
-Extinguishing media:
Suitable extinguishing media:
Water Foam Carbon dioxide (CO2) 
Dry powder
Unsuitable extinguishing media:
For this substance/mixture no limitations of extinguishing agents are given.
-Further information:
Prevent fire extinguishing water from contaminating surface water or the ground water system.

-Control parameters:
Ingredients with workplace control parameters:
-Exposure controls:
Personal protective equipment:

*Eye/face protection:
Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU). 
Safety glasses.

*Skin protection
This recommendation applies only to the product stated in the safety data sheet, supplied by us and for the designated use. 
Full contact:
Material: Nitrile rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm
Break through time: 480 min
Splash contact:
Material: Nitrile rubber
Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm
Break through time: 480 min

*Respiratory protection:
Our recommendations on filtering respiratory protection are based on the following standards: DIN EN 143, DIN 14387 and other accompanying standards relating to the used respiratory protection system.
Recommended Filter type: Filter type P1
The entrepeneur has to ensure that maintenance, cleaning and testing of respiratory protective devices are carried out according to the instructions of the producer.
These measures have to be properly documented.
*Control of environmental exposure:
Do not let product enter drains.

HANDLING AND STORAGE of E350 (Sodium malate):
-Precautions for safe handling:
-Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities:
Storage conditions:
Tightly closed. 
Recommended storage temperature see product label.

STABILITY and REACTIVITY of E350 (Sodium malate):
-Chemical stability:
The product is chemically stable under standard ambient conditions (room temperature) .
-Possibility of hazardous reactions: No data available
-Conditions to avoid: no information available

DL-Malic acid disodium salt
DI-sodium DL-malate
DL-Malic acid sodium
dl-malic acid disodium salt
DL-Hydroxybutanedioic acid
DL-Hydroxysuccinic acid disodium salt
dl-malic acid disodium
Disodium DL-malate
L-Hydroxybutanedioic acid
L-(−)-Malic acid disodium salt
Disodium dl-malate
Disodium 2-hydroxybutanedioate
Sodium dl-malate 
Butanedioic acid
Disodium salt 
Sodium dl-maleate
Sodium malat
(s)-(-)-hydroxysuccinic acid disodium salt
L-Malic acid monohydrate disodium salt
Disodium DL-malate
disodium 2-hydroxysuccinate
DiE350 (Sodium malate)
Hydroxybutanedioic acid disodium salt
sodium L-malate
disodium 2-hydroxybutanedioate

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